I. Từ vựng thường gặp Topic Health
1. Healthy activities: hoạt động có lợi cho sức khỏe
IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:
- (going) swimming: bơi lội
- IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Swimming is a low-impact exercise that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and fitness levels.
(going) cycling: đạp xe đạp
going to the gym: tập gym
doing yoga / tai chi: tập yoga/ thái cực quyền
- IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
- I try to practice yoga every morning to help me relax and improve my flexibility.
Tai Chi is a low-impact exercise that can help improve balance and reduce stress.
- IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
eating fresh fruit and vegetables: ăn rau quả tươi
eating organic foods: ăn thực phẩm hữu cơ
drinking water: uống nước
having a balanced diet: chế độ ăn kiêng cân bằng
Running - an activity of moving quickly on foot by taking strides
- IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Running is a great way to improve your cardiovascular health and maintain a healthy weight.
Hiking - a long walk in the countryside or wilderness
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Hiking is a great way to get some fresh air and exercise while enjoying the beauty of nature.
Biking - riding a bicycle for exercise or transportation
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Biking is a fun and eco-friendly way to get around town and stay in shape.
Dancing - moving to music in a rhythmic way
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Dancing is not only a great workout but also a fun way to socialize and express oneself.
Meditation - a mental practice that involves focusing one's attention on a particular object, thought, or activity to achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm state >> IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng động từ "work" tiếng anh
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I meditate every morning to reduce stress and improve my concentration.
Pilates - a system of exercises that focuses on strengthening the core muscles and improving flexibility and posture
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I take Pilates classes twice a week to improve my posture and overall fitness.
Golf - a sport in which players use clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Golf is a great way to enjoy the outdoors and improve your coordination and balance.
Tennis - a sport in which two or four players hit a ball back and forth over a net
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Playing tennis is a fun way to get some exercise and improve your hand-eye coordination.
Weightlifting - a form of strength training that involves lifting weights to build muscle and improve overall fitness
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I lift weights at the gym three times a week to increase my strength and improve my health.
Rowing - a sport in which a team or individual propels a boat using oars
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Rowing is a challenging full-body workout that can help improve cardiovascular health.
Rock climbing - a sport in which climbers ascend steep rock faces using their hands, feet, and specialized equipment
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Rock climbing is a thrilling way to challenge oneself and improve strength and endurance.
Skateboarding - a sport that involves riding and performing tricks on a skateboard
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Skateboarding is a fun and challenging way to improve balance and coordination.
Zumba - a fitness program that combines Latin and international music with dance moves
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I attend Zumba classes twice a week to stay in shape and have fun dancing to upbeat music.
Kickboxing - a combat sport that combines elements of boxing and martial arts
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Kickboxing is a great way to improve strength and cardiovascular fitness while learning self-defense techniques.
Crossfit - a high-intensity fitness program that incorporates a variety of exercises such as weightlifting, running, and gymnastics
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I enjoy the challenge of Crossfit workouts and the way they help me improve my overall fitness.
Surfing - a sport in which individuals ride waves using a surfboard
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Surfing is a fun and challenging way to improve balance and coordination while enjoying the ocean.
Skate skiing - a type of cross-country skiing that involves a skating
2. Unhealthy habits: thói quen có hại cho sức khỏe
IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:
- taking drugs: sử dụng ma túy
eating too much salt / fat / sugar: ăn quá nhiều muối/chất béo/đường
being overweight: béo phì
Smoking: The act of inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning tobacco or any other substance.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: My grandfather had lung cancer because he smoked for years.
Overeating: Eating excessively beyond the body's caloric needs.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I gained weight because I had the unhealthy habit of overeating junk food.
Sedentary lifestyle: A lifestyle with little or no physical activity.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: My job requires me to sit in front of the computer all day, which leads to a sedentary lifestyle.
Lack of sleep: Not getting enough sleep for a prolonged period of time. >> IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng tính từ"sleep-deprived"tiếng anh
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Due to my work schedule, I suffer from a lack of sleep, which affects my overall health.
Binge drinking: Consuming a large amount of alcohol in a short period of time.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: He had a hangover because he engaged in binge drinking last night.
Drug abuse: Using drugs in a way that harms the body and mind.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: He was sent to rehab due to his history of drug abuse.
Irregular meal patterns: Eating meals at different times and/or skipping meals altogether.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Her irregular meal patterns led to digestive issues.
Excessive sugar intake: Consuming high amounts of added sugar in food and drinks.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Drinking soda every day is an unhealthy habit because of the excessive sugar intake.
Stress eating: Consuming food as a way of dealing with stress and anxiety.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: She turned to stress eating to cope with her workload and it led to weight gain.
Nail-biting: A nervous habit of biting one's nails.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Her nail-biting habit made her nails look unsightly and could potentially lead to infections.
Constant snacking: Eating small amounts of food frequently throughout the day.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Constant snacking on unhealthy snacks can lead to weight gain and other health issues.
Poor dental hygiene: Failure to maintain proper dental care, such as brushing and flossing regularly.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Poor dental hygiene can lead to cavities and gum disease.
Excessive caffeine intake: Consuming large amounts of caffeine, such as from coffee, tea, or energy drinks.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Drinking too much coffee can lead to excessive caffeine intake and disrupt sleep patterns.
Prolonged sitting: Sitting for long periods of time, often associated with desk jobs.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Prolonged sitting can cause lower back pain and other health problems.
Skipping breakfast: Not eating a meal in the morning after waking up.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Skipping breakfast can lead to low energy levels and difficulty focusing throughout the day.
Excessive salt intake: Consuming too much salt in the diet, often from processed foods.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Excessive salt intake can lead to high blood pressure and other health problems.
Excessive screen time: Spending too much time looking at electronic screens, such as phones and computers.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Excessive screen time can cause eye strain and disrupt sleep patterns.
Lack of hydration: Not drinking enough water throughout the day.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: A lack of hydration can cause headaches, fatigue, and other health issues.
Nail polish remover abuse: Overuse of nail polish remover can cause damage to the nails and skin. >> IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn “TẤT TẦN TẬT” TỪ VỰNG CHUYÊN NGÀNH NAIL
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Nail polish remover abuse can lead to dry and brittle nails.
Excessive snuffing: Inhaling snuff, a smokeless tobacco product.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Excessive snuffing can cause cancer of the mouth, throat, and other health issues.
3. Health collocations
- a health check: kiểm tra sức khỏe
a health problem: vấn đề về sức khỏe
a health inspector: chuyên gia về sức khỏe
health food: thực phẩm an toàn
health insurance: bảo hiểm sức khỏe
a healthy lifestyle: lối sống lành mạnh
a healthy diet: chế độ ăn kiêng khoa học
a healthy profit: lợi nhuận dồi dào
a healthy attitude: thái độ hợp lý tỉnh táo
- Health care
- Healthcare costs
- Underfunded: không được đầu tư >> IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng tính từ"underfunded"tiếng anh
- Private healthcare services
- Reduce the burden on the public health system >< Cause a heavy load on a country’s healthcare industry
- Afford the best and quickest treatment available
- Reap benefits
- Uplift the lives of the citizens within their own cities and countries
- Benefit the quality of life for the society as a whole
- Ensure the well-being of people
- Healthy eating patterns that contain less fat and sugar
- Sedentary lifestyle ==> Lead a sedentary lifestyle
- Curb the obesity epidemic
- Human resistance against a vast number of illnesses
- Launch propagation campaigns to heighten social awareness
4. Từ vựng topic "prevention vs treatment"
5. Từ vựng topic Health khác
IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:
- Reduce your stress levels: giảm bớt stress
Do a plenty of exercises: tập nhiều bài thể dục
Gentle exercise: bài tập đơn giản
Build up resistance to disease: tăng sức đề kháng chống lại bệnh tật
Go on a diet: chế độ ăn kiêng
Make a full recovery: bình phục hoàn toàn
Side effects: tác dụng phụ
Adverse reactions: ảnh hưởng ngược lại >> IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng tính từ"adverse"tiếng anh
Consult your doctor: hỏi ý kiến bác sĩ
Do a medical check up
- Mental health
Antibiotics - Medicines used to treat bacterial infections.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The doctor prescribed antibiotics to treat my sinus infection.
Immunization - The process of making a person immune to an infectious disease by administering a vaccine.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: It is important to get an annual flu shot for immunization against the flu virus.
Surgery - The branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of injuries or disorders of the body by incision or manipulation.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The patient underwent heart surgery to repair a blockage in his arteries.
Vaccination - The administration of a vaccine to stimulate the immune system against a particular disease.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The child received a vaccination against measles and mumps.
Allergy - A reaction to a substance that is harmless to most people.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: She had an allergic reaction to the medication and had to stop taking it.
Anesthesia - The use of drugs to prevent pain during surgery or other medical procedures.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The dentist administered anesthesia to numb the patient's mouth before the root canal.
Cancer - A disease in which abnormal cells grow and multiply uncontrollably, often forming a mass or tumor.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: My grandfather was diagnosed with lung cancer and underwent chemotherapy.
Diabetes - A disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: She manages her diabetes by monitoring her blood sugar levels and taking insulin shots.
Mental Health - The state of emotional and psychological well-being.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Regular exercise can have a positive impact on mental health by reducing stress and anxiety.
Physical Therapy - The treatment of disease, injury, or deformity by physical methods such as massage, exercise, and heat treatment.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: After her knee surgery, she underwent physical therapy to regain strength and flexibility in her leg.
Ultrasound - A diagnostic technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of internal body structures.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The doctor ordered an ultrasound to examine the patient's internal organs.
Heart Disease - A range of conditions that affect the heart, including coronary artery disease and heart failure.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: My father had a heart attack due to underlying heart disease.
Asthma - A condition in which a person's airways become inflamed, causing difficulty breathing.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: She carries an inhaler with her at all times to manage her asthma symptoms.
Rehabilitation - The process of restoring a person to health or normal life through training and therapy after illness, injury, or addiction.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: The patient underwent rehabilitation to regain mobility after a spinal cord injury.
Cholesterol - A fatty substance produced by the liver that is important for the normal functioning of the body, but high levels can increase the risk of heart disease.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Her doctor recommended she lower her cholesterol levels by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.
Stroke - A condition caused by a blockage or rupture of blood vessels in the brain, resulting in loss of function or death of brain tissue. >> IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Từ vựng & Cấu trúc qua bài báo về Đột Quỵ "Stroke
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: He was rushed to the hospital after experiencing symptoms of a stroke, including difficulty speaking and weakness on one side of his body.
Emergency - A serious or unexpected situation that requires immediate action.
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: She called 911 when her husband experienced a heart attack and needed emergency medical attention.
Hypertension - High blood pressure, a condition that can lead to heart disease, stroke, and other health
II. Ideas Topic Health
- Good health is essential to every person
- Medical services should not be run by profit-making companies
- It is said that human beings are the only animal that is aware it will one day die. Given such knowledge, we are in a unique position to decide how we live, which in turn affects how long we live
- the expensive treatments
- Individuals will be motivated to stay healthy and take care of themselves so they do not have to pay such high insurance rates
- Government-run health care >> IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng danh từ"health"tiếng anh
- ensure all people, regardless of income, have at least some basic medical coverage
- Individuals have no incentive to take good care of their health
- After all, if they eat poorly or smoke and get sick, it is not they that have to pay for it
- The ideal choice would be a combination of both private and public health insurance
- This way, everyone can have basic coverage, but if people have the resources to buy private insurance, they are free to do so and it does not place too big a burden on the government
- By combining the benefits of both system, we can achieve healthcare that is complete and fair
- In any society, both the government and the individual have responsibilities
- When it comes to health, we all have a part to play