Từ vựng topic "prevention vs treatment" IELTS

· Vocabulary

Bên cạnh phân tích và sửa chi tiết từng câu từng chữ trong đề thi IELTS SPEAKING ngày 4/8/2020, IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Từ vựng topic "prevention vs treatment" IELTS

I. Từ vựng topic health

II. Từ vựng topic "prevention vs treatment" IELTS

1. Mang nghĩa "đặt gánh nặng"

  • Cause a heavy load on a country’s healthcare industry: Tạo ra gánh nặng lên ngành y tế của một quốc gia
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: people are suffering from mental and physical sickness and diseases more so than ever before. This, in turn, causes a heavy load on a country’s healthcare industry and causes large financial burdens to the country’s national budget, which comes at the cost of the tax paying citizens
  • To place a heavy burden on patients’ families: Đặt gánh nặng lớn vào gia đình bệnh nhân
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Of course, there are drugs and treatments that can prolong the life of patients suffering from such diseases, but the better solution in this case is obviously trying to prevent these diseases from occurring, instead of trying to cure them, which can often place a heavy burden on patients’ families, and on society as a whole.
  • Alleviate the burden on sb: giảm nhẹ gánh nặng đặt lên ai đó >> IELTS TUTOR có hướng dẫn Cách dùng & Word form của "relieve"
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • a more ideal approach, in this case, is apparently trying to lower the number of infected cases, which can clearly alleviate the burden on the patients themselves and their families. 
      • Obviously, this will help alleviate the government’s burden of taking care of patients.

2. Liên quan đến "tax"

  • Taxpayer: người (dân) nộp thuế
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: It is said that taxpayers’ money should be used to encourage the prevention of illnesses based on a healthy lifestyle rather than to focus on treating patients.
  • public money = taxpayers’money = governmental money
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Admittedly, the government is supposed to provide the general public with free healthcare. The tax revenues that the government receives from its citizens should be allocated for social services, one of which is healthcare.

3. Các loại bệnh

  • To be vulnerable to something: Dễ dàng bị tổn thương bởi cái gì đó
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: People living in many tropical or coastal regions, for example, are highly vulnerable to water-borne diseases after a natural disaster such as a tsunami or heavy flooding.
  • Waterborne diseases (n): Bệnh lây lan qua đường nước
  • Inherited (adj): Di truyền
  • Cardiovascular diseases: các bệnh về tim mạch
  • Incurable diseases: các bệnh không thể chữa trị
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: scientists nowadays still have yet to find medical treatment for some incurable diseases like HIV, AIDS, different types of cancers and especially the Covid-19 epidemic. 
  • Hospitalization: việc nằm viện
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • effective preventive solutions stop people from contracting acute diseases, which will lead to fewer sick people being hospitalized. This not only reduces patients’ spending on hospitalization, drugs, and other medical fees but also lowers government expenditure on healthcare services.
      • it should be regularly pointed out by the authorities that living a healthy life by working out on a daily basis will result in fewer patients visiting hospitals, thus reducing the amount of money spent on hospitalization and other medical fees.
  • The raging outbreak of Covid-19: sự bùng phát dữ dội của dịch bệnh Covid-19
  • unhealthy habits 
    •  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: a large proportion of state budget should be allocated to activities or campaigns that promote a healthy lifestyle. This is because a lot of diseases nowadays are actually the direct result of people’s unhealthy habits. 
  • To contract a disease: Bị nhiễm một căn bệnh
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Additionally, there are also some illnesses and disorders that are inherited. For instance, if a person suffers from asthma, it is highly likely that his children will also contract respiratory related diseases, regardless of their diet or lifestyle. 

4. Phân bổ đầu tư

  • To allocate: phân bổ
  • To center on = to focus on: Tập trung vào
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: the spending of governmental money should be centered on illness prevention by raising public awareness of regular exercise and healthy eating habits.

5. Lối sống lành mạnh

  • To lead/live a healthy life: sống (theo) lối sống có lợi cho sức khỏe
    •  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: governmental money should be spent on the promotion of how to lead a healthy life.
  • To encourage/promote a healthy lifestyle: Khuyến khích lỗi sống tốt cho sức khoẻ
  • To raise public awareness: nâng cao ý thức người dân
  • Reap the associated benefits: Có được những lợi ích liên quan
    •  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: people should take good care of their health not only to reap the associated benefits, but also as a way of helping to uplift the lives of the citizens within their own cities and countries.
  • Uplift the lives of the citizens within their own cities and countries: Nâng cao chất lượng cuộc sống của người dân
  • Achieve and maintain good health: Đạt được và duy trì sức khỏe tốt
  • Experience good physical and mental health: Có sức khỏe thể chất và tinh thần tốt
    •  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: When someone experiences good physical and mental health they are able to enjoy their life to the fullest. Good health allows people to pursue their hopes and dreams and enjoy human relationships with family and friends. Without good mental and physical health, these ideals are difficult to attain.
  • To work out = To exercise: Tập thể dục

6. Các từ khác

  • Benefit the quality of life for the society as a whole: Có lợi cho chất lượng cuộc sống của xã hội
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: If people were to look after their health better, it would reduce such financial burdens and the money could then be spent on other services that would benefit the quality of life for the society as a whole.

  • To fight something (problems or issues): Giải quyết vấn đề gì đó
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: In order to fight diseases, the government should invest more money in encouraging a healthy lifestyle instead of spending money on the treatment of people who are already suffering from illness
  • Adequate (adj): Đủ về số lượng hoặc chất lượng (sysnonym của enough)
  • Lead a sedentary lifestyle: có một lối sống ít vận động
    •  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • instead of being spent on curing the sick, public money should be used for illness prevention by encouraging people’s living in a healthy way. 
      • those who consume too much fast food and lead a sedentary lifestyle are likely to suffer from the risks of obesity and cardiovascular diseases like heart attack and heart failure. 
  • In the long term: về lâu dài
  • Halt: ngăn chặn
  • Wholeheartedly: toàn tâm, hoàn toàn
  • Preventive solutions: những giải pháp mang tính phòng ngừa
    •  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: prevention is better than cure, and the state budget should be spent on preventive solutions, for the advantages given above.
  • To afford: có đủ tiền trang trải/mua/chi trả
  • A host of = a lot of = plenty of: Nhiều
    •  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:  if all people become fully convinced of the importance of choosing healthy diets involving less meat and more vegetables instead of consuming junk food, they will start to adopt such a healthy lifestyle and, therefore, will be able to avoid a host of health problems.
  • To result in = to lead to: Dẫn đến
  • prevention is better than cure 
    •  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: It goes without saying that prevention is better than cure, but the problem is so many people in modern society are significantly affected by the increasing advertising of junk food nearly everywhere, which should be stopped by the government.

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