Cách dùng động từ "work" tiếng anh

· Cách dùng từ

I. "work" vừa là nội động từ, vừa là ngoại động từ

II. Cách dùng

1. Mang nghĩa "làm việc"

=to have a job, usually one that you are paid to do


  • work với nghĩa này vừa là nội động từ, vừa là ngoại động từ 
  • work in
  • work as
  • work with
  • work for

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Dominic works part-time.
  • I hope to work in marketing when I’m older.
  • She worked as a journalist. 
  • All our nursery nurses are qualified to work with children. 
  • She works for a big law firm in the city.
  • He worked the clubs long before TV made him famous.

2. Mang nghĩa "nỗ lực, bỏ công sức, đang làm"

=to spend time trying to achieve something, especially when this involves using a lot of effort


  • work on
  • work to do something

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • I’ve been working in the garden all day. 
  • Our thanks go to everybody who has worked on this project. 
  • He worked tirelessly to improve safety conditions in the mines.

3. Mang nghĩa "tiến hành, tiến triển; có kết quả, có hiệu lực"

=to operate in a satisfactory way / to have a particular effect or result


  • work với nghĩa này là nội động từ, thường + adv/giới từ 
  • work for/against someone (=have a good/bad result)
  • work in someone’s favour/work to someone’s advantage (=be an advantage to someone)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The new telephone system seems to be working perfectly. 
  • This pen doesn’t work. 
  • My brain’s not working very well today.
  • The drug works by blocking the spread of the virus. 
  • Her dazzling performance worked its magic on the audience (=had a good effect on them). 
  • Criticizing your former employer works against you in an interview. 
  • The exchange rate is currently working in the company’s favour.
  • The strategy seems to be working.
  • If this plan doesn’t work, we’ll think of something else
  • Her idea for reorganizing the department will never work in practice. 
  • The tablets will start to work in a few minutes. 
  • Some people think I'm weird doing meditation, but it works for me and that's all that matters. 
  • Arguably, the monarchy worked well for many centuries.

4. Mang nghĩa "vận hành"

=to operate something such as a machine or piece of equipment / If a machine or device works, it operates, especially correctly and without failure, and if you work it, you make it operate

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  •  I don’t know how to work this thing.
  • Our phone isn't working. 
  • his scheme did not work (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: kế hoạch của nó thất bại)
  • it worked like a charm (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: công việc tiến triển tốt đẹp; công việc đã thành công)
  • You need a team of about twelve people to work a furnace this size. 
  • The pump works off/on (= uses) wind power. 
  • The pump is worked by (= uses to operate) wind power. 
  • I can't get the radio to work.

6. Mang nghĩa "bắt ai làm việc"

=to make a person or animal do a job:


  • work với nghĩa này là ngoại động từ

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

    • The instructors worked us very hard on the survival course. 
    • Many of the animals were worked to death.

    7. Mang nghĩa "gia công, chế biến"

    =to shape, change, or process a substance

    IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

    • Working iron requires higher temperatures than bronze. 
    • Gently work the butter into the flour until there are no lumps left.
    • iron works easily (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: sắt gia công dễ dàng)

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