Từ vựng topic "choosing a job" IELTS

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Bên cạnh hướng dẫn bạn cách PHÂN TÍCH ĐỀ THI 30/5/2020 IELTS WRITING TASK 2 (kèm bài sửa HS đạt 6.5), IELTS TUTOR tổng hợp Từ vựng topic "choosing a job" IELTS

I. Kiến thức liên quan

II. Từ vựng topic "Choosing a job" IELTS


  • ultimate (adj): cuối cùng. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý Cách dùng "ultimately" tiếng anh
  • humane (adj): mang tính nhân văn/nhân đạo
  • to promote (v): quảng bá, chiêu thị
  • restaurateur (n): chủ quản lý nhà hàng
  • to service (v): phục vụ
  • Legal paperwork: công việc giấy giờ 
  • waitstaff (n): tập thể nhân viên phục vụ
  • get something going (expression): bắt đầu/khởi động
  • prestigious (adj): có uy tín/trứ danh
  • to have a long way to go (expression): còn nhiều thứ phải học/cải thiện
  • networking (n): việc giao lưu mở rộng mối quan hệ
  • to experiment (v): thử nghiệm
  • recipe (n): công thức
  • From my observation= From my perspective: Theo quan điểm của tôi thì….
  • As/so far as I'm concerned= used to say what your personal opinion is about something: Theo như tôi được biết thì
  • A multitude of= a large number of people or things:rất nhiều, vô số
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • This case has raised a multitude of questions.
  • Overqualified adjective/ˌəʊ.vəˈkwɒl.ɪ.faɪd/: having more knowledge, skill, and/or experience than is needed (for a particular job)
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • The problem with employing people who are overqualified for the job is that they often don't stay in it for long.
  • Unglamorous adjective /ʌnˈɡlæm.ər.əs/: not glamorous (= especially attractive and exciting): không hấp dẫn
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Unglamorous work/surroundings
  • Eager beaver noun/ˌiː.ɡər ˈbiː.vər/: a person who is willing to work very hard: người làm việc chăm chỉ
  • Nine to five= describing or relating to work that begins at nine o'clock in the morning and finishes at five, the hours worked in many offices from Monday to Friday: công việc hành chính. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý Phân biệt "RELATED TO" và "RELATING TO" trong tiếng anh
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • She's tired of working nine to five.
  • proportional (adj) + to : đúng tỉ lệ với. nghĩa bóng: xứng đáng. 
  • wage (n): thù lào
  • superior (n): cấp trên
  • Entry level (adj): mới vào nghề (về cấp độ của công việc)
  • To serve (v) + as : đóng vai trò
  • to progress (v): phát triển, thăng tiếng
  • Competence noun /ˈkɒm.pɪ.təns/ = competency = the ability to do something well: khả năng
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Her competence as a teacher is unquestionable.
      • He reached a reasonable level of competence in his English.
  • On the whole = generally: nhìn chung thì
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • We have our bad times but on the whole we're fairly happy.
  • Unbiased adjective/ʌnˈbaɪəst/: able to judge fairly because you are not influenced by your own opinions: không thiên vị (hoặc thiên về cái gì đó)…
  • Debt (n): món nợ
  • Mortgage (n): tiền mượn ngân hàng để mua nhà (thế  chấp)
  • To prioritize (v): ưu tiên
  • Taxing (adj)+ to + noun : là gánh nặng, là sức ép lên cái gì đó/ai đó 
  • Whereas conjunction/weərˈæz/: compared with the fact that; but: trong khi đó thì….
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • You eat a huge plate of food for lunch, whereas I have just a sandwich.
  • Vague adjective/veɪɡ/: not clearly expressed, known, described, or decided: mơ hồ
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • I do have a vague memory of meeting her many years ago.
  • Indispensable adjective /ˌɪn.dɪˈspen.sə.bəl/: Something or someone that is indispensable is so good or important that you could not manage without it, him, or her: không thể thiếu được
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • This book is an indispensable resource for researchers.
  • The rat race noun /ˈræt ˌreɪs/: a way of life in modern society, in which people compete with each other for power and money: cuộc chạy đua cơm áo gạo tiền
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • He decided to get out of the rat race, and went to work on a farm.
  • A blanket statement (n, expression): câu phát ngôn vơ đũa cả nắm. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý Cách dùng tính từ "blanket" tiếng anh
  • Preference (n): lựa chọn ưa thích
  • Fast-paced (adj): có tốc độ nhanh
  • Related (adj) + to : liên quan đến
  • Stock market (n): thị trường chứng khoán 
  • Steady (adj): bền, ổn định. 
  • Bring home the bacon= to earn money to live on: kiếm tiền
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Men were once solely responsible for bringing home the bacon.
  • Lucrative adjective /ˈluː.krə.tɪv/: (especially of a business, job, or activity) producing a lot of money: béo bở
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • The merger proved to be very lucrative for both companies.
  • Trade-off noun /ˈtreɪdɒf/: a situation in which you accept something you do not like or want in order to have something that you want: hoán đổi, chấp nhận
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • These companies offer the best trade-off between risk and return for most individual investors.
      • Trade-off decisions
  • Trade off phrasal verb: If you trade off one thing against another, you exchange all or part of one thing for another, as part of a negotiation or compromise. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý CÁCH DÙNG AS &LIKE TIẾNG ANH
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • I get up early and trade off sleep for exercise.
  • Wholeheartedly adverb /ˌhəʊlˈhɑː.tɪd.li/: in a way that is completely enthusiastic and without any doubt
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Both groups are wholeheartedly in favour of the changes.
  • Detrimental adjective /ˌdet.rɪˈmen.təl/: causing harm or damage: gây hại
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • These chemicals have a detrimental effect/impact on the environment.
  • Adverse adjective /ˈæd.vɜːs/: having a negative or harmful effect on something: bất lợi, có hại
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • The match has been cancelled because of adverse weather conditions. (Trận đấu đã bị hủy vì điều kiện thời tiết bất lợi.)
  • Chronic adjective/ˈkrɒn.ɪk/: (especially of a disease or something bad) continuing for a long time: kinh niên
  • Exemplify verb /ɪɡˈzem.plɪ.faɪ/: to be or give a typical example of something: minh hoạ
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • This painting perfectly exemplifies the naturalistic style which was so popular at the time.
  • Living expenses = assessable income is net income less allowances for living expenses, housing costs and any allowable travel-to-work costs: chi phí sinh sống/ sinh hoạt
  • Overwork noun /ˌəʊ.vəˈwɜːk/: doing too much work: sự làm việc quá nhiều
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • He got sick through overwork.
  • Workaholic noun /ˌwɜː.kəˈhɒl.ɪk/: a person who works a lot of the time and finds it difficult not to work: người nghiện làm việc
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • A self-confessed workaholic, Tony Richardson can't remember when he last had a holiday.
  • Workaholism noun /ˈwɜː.kə.hɒl.ɪ.zəm/: a condition that makes someone work a lot of the time and find it difficult not to work: sự nghiện làm việc
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • She’s witnessed a rise in workaholism in all job categories.
  • repetitive (adj): mang tính lặp đi lặp lại. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý Cách dùng động từ "repeat" tiếng anh
  • assembly line (n): dây chuyền lắp ráp
  • automated (adj): tự động hóa. automation (n): sự tự động hóa
  • algorithm (n): thuật toán
  • self-driving (adj): tự lái 
  • social unrest (n, expression): bất ổn xã hội.
  • Ageing adjective= aging UK /ˈeɪ.dʒɪŋ/: già đi
  • Take advantage of sb/sth= to treat someone badly in order to get something good from them: lợi dụng
  • Suicidal adjective /ˌsuː.ɪˈsaɪ.dəl/: People who are suicidal want to kill themselves or are in a mental state in which it is likely that they will try to do so: tự tử
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Pete was so depressed after his girlfriend left him that I actually thought he was suicidal.
  • Inevitable adjective /ɪˈnev.ɪ.tə.bəl/: certain to happen and unable to be avoided or prevented: không thể tránh khỏi
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • The accident was the inevitable consequence/result/outcome of carelessness.
  • Inevitability noun /ɪˌnev.ɪ.təˈbɪl.ə.ti/

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