Từ vựng topic "apologize/apology"IELTS

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Bên cạnh hướng dẫn Phân tích và sửa chi tiết đề thi IELTS SPEAKING 4/8, IELTS TUTOR tổng hợp Từ vựng topic "apologize/apology"IELTS

I. Kiến thức liên quan

II. Từ vựng topic "apologize/apology"


  • intentionally: to do something with a plan or a purpose
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • We all tend to make some mistakes in life now and then, sometimes intentionally, and sometimes unintentionally, but we usually regret them afterwards. 
  • didn’t keep your promises: không giữ lời hứa. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý Cách paraphrase từ "promise"

  • make a sincere apology: xin lỗi một cách chân thành

    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 

      • There are many occasions that you should make a sincere apology, Like when you’ve hurt someone unnecessarily, or have made a mistake, or forget to do something for someone, or didn’t keep your promises. 

  • make it up: đền bù 

    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • We should say sorry to her and find ways to make it up.

  • rebuild trust and reestablish our relationship with other people: lấy lại được niềm tin của ai và giúp mqh tốt hơn  không giữ lời hứa

    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 

      • I think we should apologize more often as it is an effective way to rebuild trust and reestablish our relationship with other people 

  • we’re taking responsibility for our actions: chịu trách nhiệm về hành động của mình  

  • restore dignity to the person you hurt: lấy lại được sự tôn trọng từ người mà bạn có lỗi 

  • harm your reputation: ảnh hưởng đến danh tiếng của bạn. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý CÁCH DÙNG "HARM / HARMFUL" TIẾNG ANH

  • put you in a vulnerable position: đặt bạn vào vị trí thấp hơn 

    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • First, apologies take courage. When you admit that you were wrong, it puts you in a vulnerable position, which can open you up to attack or blame. 

  • open you up to attack or blame: dễ bị khiêu khích hoặc bị chỉ trích hơn 

  • full of shame and embarrassment over your actions: rất thấy xấu hổ và phát ngại về hành động của mình 

  • engage in unacceptable behavior: có thái độ không tốt 

    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • When you apologize, you also acknowledge that you engaged in unacceptable behavior. It also gives you a chance to discuss what is and isn’t acceptable

  • To give sb a hand: giúp đỡ ai 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • I’m willing to give my students a hand with their math homework, but that time I was annoyed by Linh’s flood of messages to me at midnight and the way she talked to me as if she was giving commands.
  • Flood of st: số lượng lớn, một tràng cái gì
  • To give commands: ra lệnh (cho ai)
  • To get on sb’s nerves: làm ai khó chịu 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • I made it clear to her that her way of communicating got on my nerves, and I couldn’t tolerate it
  • To cope with st: đối mặt, xử lý việc gì. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý  Paraphrase từ "solve" tiếng anh
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • She argued that she didn’t mean disrespect for me. It was because she was stressed with her schoolwork and didn’t know how to cope with it. 
  • To count on sb: trông cậy vào ai
  • Profusely: (xin lỗi) liên tục
  • To let it go: bỏ qua (chuyện gì) 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • I would let it go and she wouldn’t need to be worried about that anymore. 
  • refuse to take responsibility: từ chối nhận trách nhiệm

    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Some people struggle to show this courage. Alternatively, you may be so full of shame and embarrassment over your actions that you can’t bring yourself to face the other person. So for some, they try to ignore their mistakes and don’t want to take those risks. But I think refusing to take responsibility for our mistakes would soon affect our relationship with others.

  • To put yourself in sb’s shoes: đặt mình vào vị trí người khác để hiểu họ 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • At first, I was sympathetic to her. I tried to put myself in her shoes to understand the problem she was confronting. 
  • Be drowned in st: ngập trong cái gì (bận rộn) 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Her trouble reminded me of my senior year at college when I was drowned in the first-term exam.
  • To panic (Past: panicked): hoảng loạn, bối rối. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý Cách dùng động từ "panic" trong tiếng Anh 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • There was too much to study, and I had no one to help me. I just panicked. 
  • possessive – to have strong feelings about something you own or have
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • My friend borrowed my car for the day and he knows very well that I’m very possessive about my car. 
  • cautiously – carefully
  • negligence – not giving enough care or attention
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:​
      • He was feeling very guilty for not taking care of the car and he apologized repeatedly for his negligence, and he assured me that he would get it repaired the first thing the next morning.
  • lose my temper – to get angry
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:​
      • I easily lose my temper but it was because of his sincere apology that I couldn’t stay mad at him for very long.
  • sincere – honest feeling. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý Phân biệt Yours Sincerely/Faithfully/Truly tiếng anh
  • vigilant – to be careful or very attentive about something
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:​
      • He apologized again and assured me that he’d be more vigilant in the future. 
  • To make a reservation: đặt chỗ
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • I'd like to make a table reservation for two people for nine o'clock.    
  • To starve /stɑːv/: cực kỳ đói 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • Whole communities starved to death during the long drought.     
  • To make a very ugly scene: gây nên một trận tranh cãi 
  • ugly /ˈʌɡ.li/: xấu xí 
  • scene /siːn/: Bối cảnh 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • I was ready to make a very ugly scene     
  • Do not have the heart to do something: không nỡ làm điều gì đó 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • She asked me to go with her and I didn't have the heart to refuse. 
  • Newbie /ˈnjuː.bi/: người mới. >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý diễn đạt "người mới" trong tiếng Anh  
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
      • The guide helps newbies understand the latest social networking sites and apps. 
  • Sincerely /sɪnˈsɪə.li/: một cách chân thành 
  • mumble (lẩm bẩm) 
  • hurt someone’s feelings (làm tổn thương người khác – về mặt tình cảm/ cảm xúc) 
  • make an apology (xin lỗi)
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • Obviously when we make mistakes. When we do something wrong, making an apology is always a must. For example, when you accidentally hit someone on the road, you should apologize immediately. Or when you hurt someone’s feelings, it’d be terrible if you just leave it there without any apology.
  • unreasonable (bất hợp lý)

  • regret (hối hận)

    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

      • They definitely should. It is unreasonable when we make mistakes and pretend that nothing happened. Apologizing shows that we regret what we did, or that we didn’t mean to hurt them.

  • arrogant (kiêu ngạo).

  • maintain their personal image (giữ hình ảnh cá nhân). >> IELTS TUTOR lưu ý Word form của "maintain" 

  • lose face (mất mặt)

  • guilty (cảm thấy tội lỗi)

    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

      • This is because they’re arrogant, I believe. Those people are afraid that admitting their mistakes and apologizing may make them lose their face. On the other hand, some other people refuse to apologize because it makes them feel even more guilty about their actions.

  • Remorseful: hối hận
  • Conscience: lương tâm
  • Apologetic: xin lỗi
  • Sincere: chân thành
  • second chance: cơ hội thứ 2
  • make no apologies: không xin lỗi
  • by mistake: do nhầm lẫn
  • live and learn: sống và học hỏi

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