Từ vựng topic "road safety" IELTS

· Từ vựng theo topic

I. Kiến thức liên quan

II. Từ vựng topic "road safety"

  • driving habits: thói quen đi đường 

    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: both punishments and a range of other measures can be used together to promote better driving habits.
  • driver errors: lỗi do tài xế 

    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Around 80% of accidents are caused by driver errors

  • impose: áp lên >> IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng động từ "impose" tiếng anh

    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 

      • Imposing more severe punishments on those who commit driving offences can somehow help increase road safety

      • stricter punishments were imposed on drivers
  • Harsh = stringent = strict punishments: Hình phạt nghiêm khắc
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: harsher punishments can act as an effective way to deter people from committing road offenses
  • To deter somebody from doing something: Ngăn chặn ai đó làm việc gì đó
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • deter them from committing more driving offences
      • signs can be used to warn people, speed bumps and road bends can be added to calm traffic, and speed cameras can help to deter people from driving too quickly.
  • Road offenses = traffic-related crimes: Vi phạm luật giao thông
  • surveillance cameras: camera giám sát 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: More surveillance cameras should be installed
  • penalty: phạt 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: There are various types of driving penalty, such as small fines, licence suspension, driver awareness courses, and even prison sentences. 
  • To act as a deterrent to would-be lawbreakers: Như một sự răn đe cho những người có ý định phạm luật
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: the implementation of rules can act as a deterrent to would-be lawbreakers.
  • driving accidents
    •  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: decrease in the number of driving accidents.
  • To be fined with a certain amount of money: Bị phạt 1 khoản tiền nào đó
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: in Vietnam, a motorist not wearing helmet can be fined with $20 to $40, and thus he will be in fear of facing further punishment and avoid committing another offense.
  • Road casualties: Tai nạn giao thông chết người
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:....witnessed a significant number of annual road casualties when it had very loosely enforced regulations.
  • offence: tội >> IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách paraphrase từ CRIME tiếng anh 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Penalties for dangerous drivers can act as a deterrent, meaning that people avoid repeating the same offence.
  • Loosely enforced regulations: Các điều luật được ban hành lỏng lẻo
  • To heighten people’s awareness of something: Nâng cao nhận thức của con người về vấn đề gì đó = to increase public awareness about...= be fully aware of 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • heightening people’s awareness through the media about the consequences of committing driving offenses
      • in order to properly improve road safety, we need to increase public awareness about the dangers of aggressive driving and other driving offences.
      • when everyone is fully aware of this, they would avoid committing driving offences.

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