Từ vựng & Ideas topic "Throwaway society" IELTS

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I. Kiến thức liên quan

II. Từ vựng topic "Throwaway society"

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Throw-away lifestyle
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: Throw-away lifestyle nowadays is present in many modern consumer societies, especially in developed nations. 
  • a throwaway society: xã hội mà trong đó người ta sử dụng đồ đạc trong một thời gian ngắn sau đó vứt chúng đi, mua thứ đồ mới
  • pollution 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: environmental pollution will undoubtedly be the most major undesirable matter arising.
  • to purchase the latest version of things: mua phiên bản mới nhất
  • to buy new things to relieve stress or anxiety: mua đồ mới để giải tỏa căng thẳng và lo âu
  • to overspend = to spend beyond one’s income: chi tiêu quá mức  >> IELTS  TUTOR  hướng  dẫn  Từ vựng về consumer spending trong IELTS
  • huge amounts of toxic waste: 1 lượng khổng lồ chất thải
  • to be discharged into the environment: bị thải ra môi trường
  • packaging 
    •  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • Canned and packaged foods and goods are more widely available now than they used to be, so disposable packaging is everywhere.
  • to encourage people to reuse and recycle more: khuyến khích người dân tái chế và tái sử dụng nhiều hơn.
  • get into serious debt: bị mắc nợ nghiêm trọng
  • throw away 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • People tend to throw away their old items regardless of whether or not they still work and purchase the latest version of things.
  • to encourage somebody to do something: khuyến khích ai đó làm gì   >> IELTS  TUTOR  hướng  dẫn  CÁCH PARAPHRASE TỪ "ADVISE" TIẾNG ANH
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • Advertisements encourage people to purchase goods and services that they do not really need.
      • Advertisements encourage people to purchase goods and services that they do not really need by delivering a message that possessing the latest version of an item could improve a person’s self-image, confidence and even social status.
  • to be in good condition and perfectly functional: trong tình trạng tốt và các chức năng hoạt động tốt
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • For example, many of today’s teenagers spend nearly $1,500 buying iPhone X to show that they are wealthy and fashionable even though their old phones are still in good condition and perfectly functional.
  • overconsumption = excessive consumption: việc tiêu thụ quá mức
  • overproduction = excessive production: việc sản xuất quá mức
  • long-lived products = durable products = products that are made to last for a long period of time: những sản phẩm có tuổi thọ dài
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • Another cause is mass production of non-durable goods which are often used once and thrown away.
  • short-lived products = non-durable products = products that are made to last for a short period of time:  những sản phẩm có tuổi thọ ngắn
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • The rise of single-use and short-lived items is also a contributing factor.
  • get into serious debt 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • They could easily get into serious debt if they get into the habit of buying the latest, novelty items. 
  • annual income
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • The average annual income of people at the present time is higher than it used to be decades ago leading to human's desires in improving the qualities of life. This encourages the purchase for the latest or most attractive items as a replacement for the old or broken ones
  • mass production
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • Another cause is mass production of non-durable goods which are often used once and thrown away. These products are much cheaper and more convenient than durable ones, hence, attract a large number of customers.
  • to repurchase = to buy again: mua lại  >> IELTS  TUTOR  hướng  dẫn  Paraphrase từ "buy" tiếng anh
  • to repeat customers: những khách hàng sẽ mua hàng lại ở cửa hàng họ đã mua
  • low-quality products
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • Numerous competing manufacturers create low-quality products that are not meant to last as this business strategy would reduce costs and cause consumers to buy replacement items, which helps to increase sales.
  • to make a dent in your finance: làm giảm số tiền bạn đang có
  • higher profit margins for manufacturers: lợi nhuận biên lớn hơn cho các nhà sản xuất
  • to tempt customers into buying the latest, novelty items: thu hút khách hàng mua những sản phẩm mới nhất
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • In this society, people tend to throw away their old items regardless of whether or not they still work and purchase the latest version of things.
  • Worse
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • Global environmental pollution has gotten worse due to an enormous quantity of garbage disposed of.
  • disposable products: những sản phẩm dùng 1 lần rồi vứt đi
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • Due to excessive production of disposable goods, huge amounts of hazardous waste are being discharged into the environment, which directly contaminates soil and water.
      • The food industry would be a typical example of this as the use of disposable tableware and packaging is ubiquitous.
  • solid waste generation rates: tỷ lệ thải ra chất thải rắn
  • waste  >> IELTS  TUTOR  hướng  dẫn  Cách dùng danh từ "waste" tiếng anh 
    •  IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • Human’s highly industrialized and scientific world has also created new kinds of garbage which are difficult to dispose safely of, namely nuclear or chemical wastes. 
  • environmental degradation: sự suy khóa môi trường
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • Environmental degradation is another problem facing the throwaway society
  • to contaminate soil and water: làm ô nhiễm đất và nước
  • increase consumer spending: tăng chi tiêu của khách hàng
  • bad spending habits: thói quen tiêu xài xấu
  • leftover food: đồ ăn thừa
  • depression 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • Many teens are being burdened with thousands of dollars in credit card debt for their unnecessary purchases, which could lead to depression and anxiety. 
  • a new version with more features: phiên bản mới với nhiều tính năng hơn
  • to have a negative/detrimental/harmful effect on: có ảnh hưởng có hại lên…
  • to buy things that you do not really need: mua những thứ mà bạn không thực sự cần
  • a waste of money: một sự lãng phí tiền của
  • overconsumption 
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: 
      • Overconsumption and excessive production of short-lived or disposable items increase alarmingly the amount of trash.

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