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Phân biệt quality, qualify, qualified và qualification trong tiếng anh

· Vocabulary

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I. QUALITY (NOUN)

1.1 Quality (danh từ không đếm được): chất lượng - how good or bad something is

Ví dụ:

  • The air quality in this area is terrible. 
  • All we are asking for is a decent quality of life. 
  • The spokeswoman says a quality control system is being developed for next year.
  • With some goods, cost is the most reliable indicator of quality. 
  • The poor quality of his work has become a standing joke in the office. 
  • The sound quality on the recording is variable. 
  • They are makers of top quality electrical products. 
  • Most people associate this brand with good quality.

1.2. Qualities (danh từ đếm được): phẩm chất

Ví dụ:

  • leadership qualities 
  • Joe has a lot of good qualities, but I don't think he has the ability to discipline the team.

II. QUALIFY (VERB)

  • ĐỦ TIÊU CHUẨN (If you qualify for something, you are allowed to do it or have it, and if something qualifies you for something, it allows you to do it or have it)
  • Thường đi với FOR 

Ví dụ:

  • To qualify for the competition, you must be over 18. 
  • His disability qualifies him for extra benefits.
  • He's recently qualified as a doctor.
  • Nigeria were the first team to qualify for the World Cup.

III. QUALIFIED (ADJ): ĐỦ TIÊU CHUẨN, ĐỦ ĐIỀU KIỆN

  • Vừa đứng một mình, vừa đứng trước danh từ được
  •  be qualified to do sth: đủ tiêu chuẩn làm gì 

VÍ DỤ:

  • a newly qualified teacher 
  • a highly qualified accountant
  • I think John is the best qualified to make that decision.

IV. QUALIFICATION (danh từ đếm được): bằng cấp, skills (kĩ năng), thành công khi đủ điều kiện vào cái gì đó

Mang nghĩa bằng cấp

Ví dụ:

  • [ usually plural ] legal/medical qualifications 
  • I want to go to college and get some qualifications so that I can get a good job. 
  • What qualifications do you need to be a nanny?
  • A teaching qualification can open up many more career opportunities. 
  • For all her qualifications, she's useless at the job. 
  • She's got the qualifications for the job, but her lack of experience will count against her. 
  • He lied about his qualifications for the job. 
  • They place a lot of importance on qualifications.

Mang nghĩa SKILLS

  • The only qualification needed for this job is an eye for detail.

Mang nghĩa thành công khi đủ điều kiện vào cái gì đó

  • England's qualification for the World Cup

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