Cách dùng động từ"stand"tiếng anh

· Verb

Bên cạnh Sửa bài IELTS SPEAKING PART 1-2-3 topic Work/Study(Sửa & Làm lại 4 lần - HS đạt 7.5), IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng động từ"stand"tiếng anh

I. Kiến thức liên quan

IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng "represent" tiếng anh

II. Cách dùng động từ"stand"

1."stand"vừa là nội, ngoại động từ vừa là linking verb

2. Cách dùng

2.1. Dùng"stand"như linking verb

=to be in, cause to be in, or get into a particular state or situation

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • How do you think your chances stand (= are) of being offered the job? 
  • The national debt stands at 55 billion dollars. 
  • The house stood empty for years. 
  • Martina is currently standing second in the world listings. 
  • Our firm stands to lose (= will lose) a lot of money if the deal is unsuccessful. 
  • We really can't allow the current situation to stand (= to exist in its current form). 
  • Newton's laws of mechanics stood (= were thought to be completely true) for over two hundred years. 
  • Leave the mixture to stand (= do not touch it) for 15 minutes before use. 
  • It would be difficult for her to stand much lower/higher in my opinion (= for me to have a worse/better opinion of her) after the way she behaved at the party. 
  • She's very blunt, but at least you know where you stand with her (= you know what she thinks and how she is likely to behave). 
  • You stand accused of murder, how do you plead?

2.2. Dùng"stand"như nội động từ

2.2.1. Mang nghĩa"đứng"

=to have your body in an upright position supported by your feet/to move from sitting or bending down into an upright position

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • stand = stand up 
  • stand by/at/on/behind etc
  • stand with your back to someone/something
  • stand doing something
  • stand and do something
  • stand still (=not move)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The train was full and we had to stand all the way to Edinburgh. 
  • Mrs Carter was standing by the open window. 
  • The man standing behind him spoke. 
  • He was standing with his back to her. 
  • He stood looking at them in silence.
  • The children stood and watched. 
  • to stand at ease (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: đứng ở tư thế nghỉ)
  • They all stood still and listened to the sound coming from outside. 
  • Stand still and let me brush your hair.
  • The whole courtroom stood as the judge entered.

2.2.2. Mang nghĩa"đứng hình"

=to stand and be unable to move because you are reacting in a particular way to something

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • stand motionless/transfixed/open-mouthed etc

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • She stood transfixed as the man lurched unsteadily across the busy road.

2.2.3. Mang nghĩa"ngáng chân, gặp phải một cách tình cờ"

=to put your foot on or in something by accident

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • stand on/in

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • He apologized for standing on my foot. 
  • I just stood in something disgusting.

2.2.4. Mang nghĩa"sừng sững, đứng ở vị trí"

=if an object or building stands somewhere, it is in a particular position

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • His statue stands in the city square. 
  • a bookcase stands in one corner (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: ở góc nhà có một tủ sách)
  • Here once stood a huge tree (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: trước đây ở chỗ này có một cây to lắm)
  • Their house stood at the top of a hill.

2.2.5. Mang nghĩa"vẫn được giữ vững, đứng vững"

=if something such as a building is standing, it has not been destroyed

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • still standing
  • left standing

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The ancient family home is still standing.
  • This house will stand another score of year (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: nhà còn vững đến vài chục năm nữa)
  • This small house has stood through worse storms (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: ngôi nhà nhỏ này qua rất nhiều cơn bão ghê hơn thế này mà vẫn không việc gì)
  • Only a few homes were left standing after the earthquake.

2.2.6. Mang nghĩa"giữ nguyên (một tình trạng như thế nào đó)"

=used for talking about the state or condition of a building or object/to be in a particular situation or state

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • stand empty/idle
  • as it stands/as things stand
  • where/how something stands
  • know where you stand (with someone) (=understand your position)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The house stood neglected for nearly 100 years. 
  • The old factory now stood empty. 
  • Several ships are standing idle in the port as the dock strike continues.
  • As it stands, the law doesn’t allow local government to take such action. 
  • How do negotiations stand at the moment? 
  • The former conditions stand (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: những điều kiện trước vẫn có giá trị)
  • The same remark stands good (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: lời nhận xét như thế vẫn đúng)
  • He might seem rude, but at least you know where you stand with him.

2.2.7. Mang nghĩa"đậu, đỗ ở một chỗ"

=if a car, train, plane etc stands somewhere, it remains there without moving, waiting to be used

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Luckily, the train was still standing at the platform.

2.2.8. Mang nghĩa"về độ cao"

=to be a particular height

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Their father stands well over six feet. 
  • The structure stands 40 metres high.

2.2.9. Mang nghĩa"cư xử như thế nào đó"

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • stand ready/prepared
  • stand together/united

=to behave in a particular way

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • He stood aloof from the daily operations of the office.
  • We stand ready to sign any reasonable agreement that you produce. 
  • So long as we all stand together, we’ll win.

2.2.10. Mang nghĩa"vẫn còn tồn tại, vẫn đang sử dụng"

=if something such as an offer, a law, or a record stands, it remains in existence or use

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • still stands

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  •  Her world record has stood for nearly 20 years. 
  • Tell him my offer still stands.

2.2.11. Mang nghĩa"có quan điểm"

=to have a particular attitude or view about a person or subject where someone

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • stands on something

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Where does the Prime Minister stand on this issue?

2.3. Dùng"stand"như ngoại động từ

2.3.1. Mang nghĩa"đặt, để, dựng"

=to put an object or a person somewhere in an upright position

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Stand the bookcase against the far wall.
  • to stand a bicycle against the wal (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: dựng cái xe đạp vào tường)

2.3.2. Mang nghĩa"chịu đựng"

=to be willing to accept something that someone does

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, dùng trong câu phủ định và câu hỏi 
  • stand someone doing something

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • I can’t stand his lies any more. 
  • I won’t stand any more arguing from you. 
  • to stand a pain (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: chịu đựng sự đau đớn) 
  • to stand fire (quân sự) (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: chịu được hoả lực (của địch))
  • to fail to stand the test (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: không chịu đựng nổi sự thử thách)
  • How can you stand all that noise? 
  • I won’t stand them interrupting me all the time.

2.3.3. Mang nghĩa"chắc, bền"

=to be good or strong enough not to be badly affected or damaged by something

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • stand the strain

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • These are plants that do not stand the cold well. 
  • I didn’t think these boots would stand the strain of such a long walk.

2.3.4. Mang nghĩa"thực hiện nhiệm vụ, nghĩa vụ"

=to perform a particular job or service 

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • stand guard (over someone/something)
  • stand bail/surety (for someone) (=accept a legal or financial responsibility for someone)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Two men were left standing guard over the prisoners. 
  • No one would stand bail for him. 
  • He could not leave the country unless the Embassy stood surety for him.

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