Cách dùng tính từ "short" tiếng anh

· Cách dùng từ

Bên cạnh CÁCH HỌC IELTS LISTENING HIỆU QUẢ, IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn thêm Cách dùng tính từ "short" tiếng anh

1. Mang nghĩa "ngắn, thấp, lùn (khoảng cách, chiều cao"

=measuring a small height, length, or distance

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • She’s short and slim, with light brown hair and blue eyes. 
  • You’ll need three short boards for the shelves. 
  • The theatre is a relatively short distance from here.
  • The fence posts are all six inches short. 
  • The sleeves are much too short (IELTS  TUTOR  giải  thích: tay  áo  ngắn  quá)

2. Mang nghĩa "thời gian ngắn"

=a period of time that is short does not last very long or seems to pass quickly a short while

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý cấu trúc:

  • a short period/spell
  • a short stay
  • a few short hours/days/weeks

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • He was here for a short while last week.
  • After a short period living in London, she moved back to Glasgow.
  • I’m sorry this has been such a short stay.
  • In a few short weeks, he’ll be going back to school  (IELTS  TUTOR  giải  thích: vài  tuần  tới  thì  trở  lại  trường  rồi)

3. Mang nghĩa "ngắn gọn, súc tích"

=expressed in few words, or containing few pages

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý cấu trúc:

  • a short article/book/poem

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Could you give us a short summary of what happened?
  • It was a short book and she read it in one night.

4. Mang nghĩa "thiếu thốn, không đủ"

=used for saying that you do not have enough of something

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý cấu trúc:

  • short on
  • short of
  • short of money/food/clothing

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Have you got any change on you?
  • I’m £20 short (=I have £20 less than I need).
  • We’re one waitress short tonight, so everyone will have to work harder.
  • He’s very bright but a little short on personality.
  • They were three short of a majority, so the vote wasn’t passed.
  • Many of our clients are short of money   (IELTS  TUTOR  giải  thích: thiếu  tiền )
  • Dad wasn’t working and money was short.
  • Skilled workers are in short supply around here.

IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Giải thích: be short (of/on sth)

5. Mang nghĩa "gọi ngắn lại, gọi tắt là"

=using fewer words or letters than the full form of something short for

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý cấu trúc:

  • for short

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Memo is short for memorandum.
  • My name is Elizabeth, or Liz for short (IELTS  TUTOR  giải  thích: tên  là  Elizabeth nhưng  mà  gọi  Liz  cho  ngắn)

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