Cách dùng tính từ"relative"&"relative to"tiếng anh

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Bên cạnh Phân tích và sửa chi tiết đề thi IELTS SPEAKING 4/8/2020 [Audio+Transcript], IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng tính từ"relative"tiếng anh

I. Kiến thức liên quan

II. Cách dùng tính từ"relative"tiếng anh

1. Mang nghĩa"cân đối với, tương đối với"

=having a particular characteristic or value compared to other things of a similar type/being judged or measured in comparison with something else


  • it’s (all) relative (=it depends what you compare it with)
  • relative importance/strength/size 
  • relative cost/price
  • a relative newcomer/unknown

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • We weighed up the relative advantages of driving there or going by train.
  • We considered the relative merits of flying to Washington or taking the train. 
  • Relative to (= Considering) birthweight, the newborns were doing well.
  • The relative merits of the two plans /candidates (IELTS TUTOR giải thích:  giá trị tương đối của hai kế hoạch/hai ứng cử viên)
  • The Chancellor of the Exchequer talked about the UK's relative growth performance compared with "core" Europe. 
  • International borrowers have seen the relative cost of their loans rise slightly in the past six months. 
  • The firm is a relative newcomer to the world of futures trading.

2. Mang nghĩa"khá, tương đối là, nói chung là"

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • They live in relative luxury. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Họ sống khá xa xỉ)
  • Since I got a job, I've been living in relative comfort (= more comfort than before).
  • The equality is relative. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Sự công bằng là tương đối)
  • All are relative. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Tât cả chỉ là tương đối)
  • There was relative calm after the violence of the previous night. 
  • a period of relative economic stability
  • The parents were discussing the relative merits of the local schools. 
  • I think we work very hard, but it’s all relative.
  • They're living in relative comfort (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: họ sống tương đối sung túc)
  • The fighting resumed after a period of relative calm. 
  • It is a cancer that can be cured with relative ease. 
  • Pedestrian zones mean that children can play in relative safety.

II. Cách dùng"relative to"

1. Mang nghĩa"so sánh với, tương ứng với"

=compared with/If something is relative to something else, it changes according to the speed or level of the other thing


  • relative to earnings/income/sales
  • relative to sb's competitors/peers

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • How did the control group students do relative to the whole class?
  • The amount of petrol a car uses is relative to its speed.
  • Official figures probably understate Europe's growth relative to America. 
  • Pay in many white-collar jobs has been stagnating relative to inflation. 
  • Supply is relative to demand (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: số cung cân xứng với số cầu)
  • Motoring costs are forecast to increase even further over the next ten years relative to income. 
  • Steps taken now to address climate change can improve a company's competitive position relative to its peers.

2. Mang nghĩa"liên quan tới"

=concerning, or in relation to/If something is relative to a particular subject, it is connected with it

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

    • Questions have been raised relative to your testimony.
    • Are these documents relative to the discussion?

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