Cách dùng "only" như trạng từ (adv) tiếng anh

· Cách dùng từ

Bên cạnh Bài sửa đề thi IELTS WRITING TASK 2 ngày 22/8/2020 của HS đi thi đạt 7.0 writing, IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn kĩ thêm Cách dùng "only" như trạng từ (adv) tiếng anh

I. Kiến thức liên quan

IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng từ"only"tiếng anh

II. Cách dùng "only" như trạng từ (adv)

1. Mang nghĩa"không có ai hoặc không có cái gì khác; chỉ"

=You use only to indicate the one thing that is true, appropriate, or necessary in a particular situation, in contrast to all the other things that are not true, appropriate, or necessary.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Only the President could authorize the use of the atomic bomb. 
  • Only here were the police visible in any strength at all. 
  • 44-year-old woman seeks caring, honest male for friendship and fun. 
  • Genuine replies only. 
  • A business can only be built and expanded on a sound financial base. 
  • It's true that I seem to have forgotten you, but it only seems that way.

2. Mang nghĩa"chỉ là, chỉ còn..."

=You use only to indicate that something is no more important, interesting, or difficult, for example, than you say it is, especially when you want to correct a wrong idea that someone may get or has already got.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • At the moment it is only a theory. 
  • 'I'm only a sergeant,' said Clements. 
  • Don't get defensive, Charlie. I was only joking

3. Mang nghĩa"nhấn mạnh số ít, chỉ có ít"

=You use only to emphasize how small an amount is or how short a length of time is/You use only to emphasize that you are talking about a small part of an amount or group, not the whole of it

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Child car seats only cost about £10 a week to hire.
  •  ...spacecraft guidance systems weighing only a few grams. 
  • Decaffeinated coffee is only a bit better for you. 
  • I've only recently met him
  • These are only a few of the possibilities. 
  • Only a minority of the people supported the Revolution.

4. Mang nghĩa"chỉ để làm gì đó (+ to inf)"

=You can use only before an infinitive to introduce an event which happens immediately after one you have just mentioned, and which is rather surprising or unfortunate.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Ryle tried the Embassy, only to be told that Hugh was in a meeting. 
  • He raced through the living room, only to find the front door closed.

5. Mang nghĩa"chỉ có thể..."(only + can/could)"

=Only is used after 'can' or 'could' to emphasize that it is impossible to do anything except the rather inadequate or limited action that is mentioned.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • For a moment I could say nothing. 
  • I could only stand and look. 
  • The police can only guess at the scale of the problem.

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