Cách dùng giới từ"onto"tiếng anh

· Preposition

Bên cạnh Phân tích và sửa chi tiết đề thi IELTS SPEAKING 4/8/2020 [Audio+Transcript], IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng giới từ"onto"tiếng anh

I. Kiến thức liên quan

II. Cách dùng giới từ"onto"tiếng anh

1. Mang nghĩa"về phía trên, lên trên"

=If something moves or is put onto an object or surface, it is then on that object or surface/You can sometimes use onto to mention the place or area that someone moves into.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • I took my bags inside, lowered myself onto the bed and switched on the TV. 
  • Smear Vaseline on to your baby's skin to prevent soreness.
  • The players emerged onto the field.
  • to get onto a horse (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: nhảy lên mình ngựa)
  • the boat was driven onto the rocks (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: con thuyền bọ trôi giạt lên trên những tảng đá)
  •  ...when the photographer sets off onto the moors. 
  • Paste posters onto the wall. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Hãy dán áp phích lên tường đi)
  • Dust sugar onto a cake. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Rắc đường lên bánh đi)
  • Alex turned his car on to the Albert Quay and drove along until he found a parking place.

2. Mang nghĩa"về hướng, về phía"

=You can use onto to introduce the place towards which a light or someone's look is directed.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • ...the metal part of the door onto which the sun had been shining. 
  • The colours rotated round on a disc and were reflected onto the wall behind. 
  • ...the house with its leafy garden and its view on to Regent's Park.
  •  ...windows opening onto carved black-wood balconies. 
  • Hotels that front onto the sea. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Những khách sạn quay mặt ra biển)
  • The door opened onto a lighted hallway. 
  • ...a two-hundred-yard-wide strip of land that backs onto a large lake.
  •  As he stepped backwards she fell onto her knees, then onto her face. 
  • Puffing a little, Mabel shifted her weight onto her feet. 
  • I willed my eyes to open and heaved myself over on to my back.

3. Mang nghĩa"ở trên chỗ nào đó (tàu, xe, máy bay)"

=When you get onto a bus, train, or plane, you enter it in order to travel somewhere.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • As he got on to the plane, he asked me how I was feeling. 
  • Who can fold up a pushchair, toddler and shopping and then get them all onto the bus? 
  • 'I'll see you onto the train.'—'Thank you.'

4. Mang nghĩa"bám chặt (dùng với các verb: 'hold', 'hang', and 'cling')"

=Onto is used after verbs such as 'hold', ' hang', and ' cling' to indicate what someone is holding firmly or where something is being held firmly.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The reflector is held onto the sides of the spacecraft with a frame. 
  • She was conscious of a second man hanging on to the rail. 
  • Hold onto her bag, won't you? (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Giữ chặt túi xách của cô ấy nhé?)
  • He held onto it obstinately. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Anh chàng ngoan cố nắm chặt)
  • She had to cling onto the doorhandle until the pain passed.

5. Mang nghĩa"chuyển sang vấn đề khác"

=If people who are talking get onto a different subject, they begin talking about it.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Let's get on to more important matters. 
  • So, if we could just move onto something else?

6. Mang nghĩa"thông báo, thuyết phục ai làm cái gì"

=If someone is onto something, they are about to discover something important.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • He leaned across the table and whispered to me, 'I'm really onto something.' 
  • Archaeologists knew they were onto something big when they started digging.

7. Mang nghĩa"Theo dõi ai để tìm ra hành động phạm tội của người đó"

=If someone is onto you, they have discovered that you are doing something illegal or wrong.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • He did not want Pollard to become suspicious that he was now onto him. 
  • She is onto her husband. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Cô ấy theo dõi chồng mình)
  • I had told people what he had been doing, so now the police were onto him.

8. Mang nghĩa"Theo lịch trình"

=You can sometimes use onto to indicate that something or someone becomes included as a part of a list or system.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The Macedonian question had failed to get on to the agenda. 
  • The pill itself has changed a lot since it first came onto the market. 
  • Twelve thousand workers will go onto a four-day week at their factory in Birmingham.

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