Cách dùng động từ"tell"tiếng anh

· Cách dùng từ

Bên cạnh PHÂN TÍCH ĐỀ THI 30/5/2020 IELTS WRITING TASK 2 (kèm bài sửa HS đạt 6.5), IELTS TUTOR cũng cung cấp thêm Cách dùng từ"tell"tiếng anh

I. Kiến thức liên quan

II. Cách dùng động từ"tell"

1."tell"vừa là nội động từ, vừa là ngoại động từ

2. Cách dùng

2.1. Mang nghĩa"nói; nói với; nói ra"

=to give information to someone If you see anything suspicious, tell the police/if you tell a story or a joke, you give someone a spoken account of it

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Tell với nghĩa này là ngoại động từ 
  • tell someone (that)
  • tell someone who/what/why/how etc
  • tell someone something
  • tell someone (something) about something
  • tell the truth/a lie
  • tell someone something
  • tell its own story/tale (=give all the information that you need)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Didn’t he tell you that I wanted to see you? 
  • The passengers were told their flight was about to depart. 
  • Just tell me what she said. Were you told when she would be arriving? 
  • He finally told me the reason why he was so upset. 
  • ‘Tell me about your day,’ she said. I haven’t been told anything about it.
  • I promise to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. 
  • He tells some absolute whoppers (=big lies) sometimes.
  • Shall I tell you a joke?
  • Her face told her joy (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: nét mặt cô ta biểu lộ nỗi vui mừng)
  • to tell the truth (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: nói sự thật)
  • to tell one's love (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: bày tỏ tình yêu)
  • Grandpa tells wonderful stories about the old days.
  • The facts themselves don’t tell us much. 
  • Her look of surprise told him that he had guessed right. 
  • The flashing light tells you when the battery needs recharging. 
  • What does this room tell you about the person who lived here? 
  • His troubled face told its own story.

2.2. Mang nghĩa"ra lệnh, bảo ai làm gì"

=to order or strongly advise someone to do something

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Tell với nghĩa này là ngoại động từ 
  • tell someone to do something
  • tell someone what/how/when etc
  • do as/what you’re told

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • I’m not asking you – I’m telling you!
  • I told you to be here on time this morning. 
  • I told him what to do, but he wouldn’t listen. 
  • You will be told where to sit. 
  • Do as you’re told this minute!

2.3. Mang nghĩa"nói cho biết, thông tin cho (ai)"

=to recognize something as a result of knowledge, experience, or evidence

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • tell (that)
  • tell who/what/whether etc

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • He’s lying. I can always tell.
  • Peter could tell that she was bored. 
  • It’s never easy to tell whether he’s being serious or not.

2.4. Mang nghĩa"ảnh hưởng đến, có kết quả"

=If an unpleasant or tiring experience begins to tell, it begins to have a serious effect/to have an effect that can be clearly seen, especially a bad effect

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Tell với nghĩa này là nội động từ 
  • tell on
  • begin/start to tell
  • tell on

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The pressure began to tell as rain closed in after 20 laps. 
  • The strains of office are beginning to tell on the prime minister.
  • These endless business trips are telling on his marriage. 
  • The strain of the last few days was beginning to tell.
  • It tells upon his health (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: điều đó ảnh hưởng đến sức khoẻ của anh ta)
  • She threatened to tell on me.

2.5. Mang nghĩa"tiết lộ một bí mật, phát giác"

=If facts or events tell you something, they reveal certain information to you through ways other than speech/to not keep a secret

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Tell với nghĩa này là nội động từ 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The facts tell us that this is not true. 
  • I don't think the unemployment rate ever tells us much about the future.
  • The evidence of our eyes tells us a different story. 
  • to tell a secret (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: tiết lộ một điều bí mật)
  • While most of us feel complacent about our diets, the facts tell a very different story.
  • You promised you wouldn’t tell.

2.6. Mang nghĩa"tự nhủ"

=If you tell yourself something, you put it into words in your own mind because you need to encourage or persuade yourself about something.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • 'Come on,' she told herself.
  • I told myself that I would be satisfied with whatever I could get.

2.7. Mang nghĩa"phân biệt A với B (nhất là với can/could/be able to)"

=If you can tell what is happening or what is true, you are able to judge correctly what is happening or what is true/It was already impossible to tell where the bullet had entered.

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • tell something/someone from something/someone
  • tell the difference (between)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • I couldn't tell if he had been in a fight or had just fallen down. 
  • You can tell he's joking
  • Which is which? I can’t tell. 
  • I can't tell the difference between margarine and butter (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: tôi không thể phân biệt được sự khác nhau giữa macgarin và bơ)
  • to tell right from wrong (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: phân biệt phải trái)
  • Can you tell butter from margarine? 
  • They’re so alike I can never tell one from the other. 
  • These days it’s hard to tell the difference between political parties.

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