I. Kiến thức liên quan
II. Cách dùng động từ"tell"
1."tell"vừa là nội động từ, vừa là ngoại động từ
2. Cách dùng
2.1. Mang nghĩa"nói; nói với; nói ra"
=to give information to someone If you see anything suspicious, tell the police/if you tell a story or a joke, you give someone a spoken account of it
IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:
- Tell với nghĩa này là ngoại động từ
- tell someone (that)
- tell someone who/what/why/how etc
- tell someone something
- tell someone (something) about something
- tell the truth/a lie
- tell someone something
- tell its own story/tale (=give all the information that you need)
- Didn’t he tell you that I wanted to see you?
- The passengers were told their flight was about to depart.
- Just tell me what she said. Were you told when she would be arriving?
- He finally told me the reason why he was so upset.
- ‘Tell me about your day,’ she said. I haven’t been told anything about it.
- I promise to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.
- He tells some absolute whoppers (=big lies) sometimes.
- Shall I tell you a joke?
- Her face told her joy (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: nét mặt cô ta biểu lộ nỗi vui mừng)
- to tell the truth (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: nói sự thật)
- to tell one's love (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: bày tỏ tình yêu)
- Grandpa tells wonderful stories about the old days.
- The facts themselves don’t tell us much.
- Her look of surprise told him that he had guessed right.
- The flashing light tells you when the battery needs recharging.
- What does this room tell you about the person who lived here?
- His troubled face told its own story.
2.2. Mang nghĩa"ra lệnh, bảo ai làm gì"
=to order or strongly advise someone to do something
IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:
- I’m not asking you – I’m telling you!
- I told you to be here on time this morning.
- I told him what to do, but he wouldn’t listen.
- You will be told where to sit.
- Do as you’re told this minute!
2.3. Mang nghĩa"nói cho biết, thông tin cho (ai)"
=to recognize something as a result of knowledge, experience, or evidence
2.4. Mang nghĩa"ảnh hưởng đến, có kết quả"
=If an unpleasant or tiring experience begins to tell, it begins to have a serious effect/to have an effect that can be clearly seen, especially a bad effect
- The pressure began to tell as rain closed in after 20 laps.
- The strains of office are beginning to tell on the prime minister.
- These endless business trips are telling on his marriage.
- The strain of the last few days was beginning to tell.
- It tells upon his health (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: điều đó ảnh hưởng đến sức khoẻ của anh ta)
- She threatened to tell on me.
2.5. Mang nghĩa"tiết lộ một bí mật, phát giác"
=If facts or events tell you something, they reveal certain information to you through ways other than speech/to not keep a secret
- The facts tell us that this is not true.
- I don't think the unemployment rate ever tells us much about the future.
- The evidence of our eyes tells us a different story.
- to tell a secret (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: tiết lộ một điều bí mật)
- While most of us feel complacent about our diets, the facts tell a very different story.
- You promised you wouldn’t tell.
2.6. Mang nghĩa"tự nhủ"
=If you tell yourself something, you put it into words in your own mind because you need to encourage or persuade yourself about something.
- 'Come on,' she told herself.
- I told myself that I would be satisfied with whatever I could get.
2.7. Mang nghĩa"phân biệt A với B (nhất là với can/could/be able to)"
=If you can tell what is happening or what is true, you are able to judge correctly what is happening or what is true/It was already impossible to tell where the bullet had entered.
- I couldn't tell if he had been in a fight or had just fallen down.
- You can tell he's joking
- Which is which? I can’t tell.
- I can't tell the difference between margarine and butter (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: tôi không thể phân biệt được sự khác nhau giữa macgarin và bơ)
- to tell right from wrong (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: phân biệt phải trái)
- Can you tell butter from margarine?
- They’re so alike I can never tell one from the other.
- These days it’s hard to tell the difference between political parties.