Cách dùng động từ"lie"tiếng anh

· Cách dùng từ

Bên cạnh Cách dùng động từ"lie"tiếng anh, IELTS TUTOR cũng cung cấp thêm PHÂN TÍCH ĐỀ THI 30/5/2020 IELTS WRITING TASK 2 (kèm bài sửa HS đạt 6.5)

I. Kiến thức liên quan

II. Cách dùng động từ"lie" mang nghĩa "nằm"

1."lie"là nội động từ

2. Word form

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Dạng ving của lie: lying
  • Động từ cột 2: lay
  • Động từ cột 3: lain

3. Cách dùng

3.1. nằm (cho người/cho vật/cho địa danh mang nghĩa located/situated ở vị trí)

3.1.1. Mang nghĩa "nằm" khi đối tượng là người

=If you are lying somewhere, you are in a horizontal position and are not standing or sitting.

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • lie on/in etc
  • lie still/awake/unconscious etc
  • lie on your back/side/stomach etc

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • There was a child lying on the ground.
  • The injured man was lying motionless on his back. 
  • He lay awake watching her for a long time.
  • I spend rainy days lying on my couch. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Tôi dành cả ngày mưa nằm dài trên đi văng). 
  • She was lying on the bed watching television.
  • I lay awake worrying about work. 
  • The fat cat likes to lie in the sun. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Mèo béo thích nằm phơi nắng)
  • Emma was lying on her back in the sunshine.

3.1.2. Mang nghĩa "nằm" khi đối tượng là vật

=If an object lies in a particular place, it is in a flat position in that place.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • ...a newspaper lying on a nearby couch.
  • Broken glass lay scattered on the carpet. 
  • the ship is lying at the port (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: con tàu thả neo nằm ở bên cảng)
  • ...a two-page memo lying unread on his desk.

3.1.3. Mang nghĩa "nằm" khi đối tượng là địa danh

=If you say that a place lies in a particular position or direction, you mean that it is situated there.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The islands lie at the southern end of the Kurile chain.

3.2. Mang nghĩa"giữ nguyên một tình trạng nào đó"

=You can use lie to say that something is or remains in a particular state or condition.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • For example, if something lies forgotten, it has been and remains forgotten. 
  • She turned back to the Bible lying open in her lap. 
  • The picture lay hidden in the archives for over 40 years. 
  • His country's economy lies in ruins.

3.3. Mang nghĩa"đạt thứ hạng"

=You can use lie to say what position a competitor or team is in during a competition.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • I was going well and was lying fourth. 
  • She is lying in second place.
  • O’Connell is currently lying in second position in the world championship. 
  • As we go into the third round, Evans is lying in third place.

3.4. Mang nghĩa"vấn đề nằm ở, cái gây ra vấn đề"

=You can talk about where something such as a problem, solution, or fault lies to say what you think it consists of, involves, or is caused by.

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • lie in

 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The problem lay in the large amounts spent on defence.
  • He realised his future lay elsewhere.
  • We must be clear about where the responsibility lies.
  • The difficulty lies in knowing what to do next.

3.5. Mang nghĩa"nằm xuống, ngã xuống, chết"

=Lie is used in formal English, especially on gravestones, to say that a dead person is buried in a particular place

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The inscription reads: Here lies Catin, the son of Magarus. 
  • My uncle lies in the small cemetery a few miles up this road

3.6. Mang nghĩa"có sở thích"

=if your interest lies in a particular subject, you are interested in it

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • My main interest lies in the development of new technology.

3.7. Các phrasal verb với "lay"

III. Cách dùng động từ"lie" mang nghĩa "nói dối"

1. Word form

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Dạng ving của lie: lying
  • Động từ cột 2 (past tense): lied 
  • Động từ cột 3 (past participle): lied

2. Cách dùng

Mang nghĩa"nói dối, dối lừa"

=to deliberately say something that is not true It was obvious that she was lying.

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • lie about
  • lie through your teeth (=say something completely false)
  • lie to

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • He had to lie about his age to get into the army.
  • She admitted lying to the police.
  • They say they’re not married but they’re lying through their teeth.
  • I know he's lying. 
  • Sometimes children lie to get out of trouble. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Đôi khi bọn trẻ nói dối để thoát khỏi rắc rối).
  • If asked, he lies about his age. 
  • We are surprisingly poor at judging when people are lying to us. 
  • He reportedly called her 'a lying little twit'
  • I can always tell when my friend is lying because she bites her lip. (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Tôi luôn biết khi nào bạn tôi đang nói dối bởi vì cô ấy cắn môi).

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