Cách dùng động từ"lay"tiếng anh

· Cách dùng từ

Bên cạnh Cách dùng động từ"lay"tiếng anh, IELTS TUTOR cũng cung cấp thêm PHÂN TÍCH ĐỀ THI 30/5/2020 IELTS WRITING TASK 2 (kèm bài sửa HS đạt 6.5)

I. Kiến thức liên quan

II. Cách dùng động từ"lay"

1. Word form

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Dạng ving: laying 
  • Động từ cột 2: laid
  • Động từ cột 3: laid

2. Cách dùng

2.1. Mang nghĩa"xếp, sắp đặt, bố trí, đặt cái gì lên mặt phẳng cẩn thận"

=If you lay something somewhere, you put it there in a careful, gentle, or neat way.

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • lay someone/something on something
  • lay someone/something across something

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Lay a sheet of newspaper on the floor. 
  • My father's working bench was covered with a cloth and his coffin was laid there. 
  • Mothers routinely lay babies on their backs to sleep.
  • to lay a child to sleep (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: đặt đứa bé nằm ngủ)
  • Lay the baby on her back. 
  • He laid his coat across the arm of the chair. 
  • We lay flowers on her grave once a week. 
  • Carmen laid her head against my shoulder and fell asleep.

2.2. Mang nghĩa"bày biện bàn ăn"

=If you lay the table or lay the places at a table, you arrange the knives, forks, and other things that people need on the table before a meal.

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • lay a place (for someone)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The butler always laid the table.
  • to lay the table for dinner (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: bày bàn ăn)
  • Will you lay the table while I get breakfast? 
  • Don’t bother laying a place for me – I’m going out to dinner.

2.3. Mang nghĩa"đẻ trứng"

=When a female bird lays an egg, it produces an egg by pushing it out of its body.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • My canary has laid an egg. 
  • Freezing weather in spring hampered the hens' ability to lay.

2.4. Mang nghĩa"trải lên, phủ lên"

=If you lay something such as carpets, cables, or foundations, you put them into their permanent position.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • A man came to lay the saloon carpet. 
  • Public utilities dig up roads to lay pipes

2.5. Mang nghĩa"đặt nền tảng, lên kế hoạch, trình bày, đưa ra"

=Lay is used with some nouns to talk about making official preparations for something. For example, if you lay the basis for something or lay plans for it, you prepare it carefully/to carefully plan and prepare something that will be needed in the future to achieve an aim

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • lay the groundwork/foundations
  • lay a trap (for someone/something) (=prepare for catching someone or something)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Diplomats meeting in Chile have laid the groundwork for far-reaching environmental regulations. 
  • The organisers meet in March to lay plans.
  • to lay the foundation of socialism (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: đặt nền móng cho chủ nghĩa xã hội)
  • to lay a plan (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: bố trí một kế hoạch)
  • to lay a plot (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: sắp đặt một âm mưu)
  • to lay the facts before the Commitee (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: trình bày sự việc trước uỷ ban)
  • The project is intended to lay the groundwork for future research.
  • The gunman realized the police had laid a trap and quickly surrendered.

2.6. Mang nghĩa"đặt vào, dẫn đến, đưa đến (một hoàn cảnh, một tình trạng)"

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • his bad behaviour lays me under the necessity of punishing him (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: cách xử sự xấu của hắn buộc tôi phải phạt hắn)

2.7. Mang nghĩa"quy (tội), đỗ (lỗi)"

=Lay is used with some nouns in expressions about accusing or blaming someone. For example, if you lay the blame for a mistake on someone, you say it is their fault, or if the police lay charges against someone, they officially accuse that person of a crime.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • She refused to lay the blame on any one party. 
  • to lay all the blame on someone (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: quy tất cả lỗi (trách nhiệm) vào ai)
  • He could not bear to lay responsibility for the unhappiness of his later years on his own shoulders. 
  • Police have decided not to lay charges over allegations of a phone tapping operation. 

2.8. Mang nghĩa"đánh cược"

=If you say that you would lay bets, odds, or money on something happening, you mean that you are very confident that it will happen.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • I wouldn't lay bets on his still remaining manager after the spring. 
  • I'll lay odds that Dean is at your office right now. 

2.9. Mang nghĩa"đặt bẫy"

=To lay a trap means to prepare it in order to catch someone or something.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • They were laying a trap for the kidnapper.

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