Cách dùng danh từ "sum" tiếng anh

· Cách dùng từ

Bên cạnh Hướng dẫn đề thi IELTS 21/11/2020 bài WRITING TASK 1 (map) về school library (kèm bài sửa cho HS đi thi), IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng danh từ "sum" tiếng anh

I. "sum" là danh từ đếm được

II. Cách dùng

1. Mang nghĩa "tổng số"

=the number or amount that is the result of adding together two or more numbers or amounts


  • sum of sth

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • In 2006, the sum of all income for residents of Colorado rose by 6.5%.

2. Mang nghĩa "số tiền"

=an amount of money:


  • large/huge/enormous sums
  • a small/modest/substantial sum
  • an additional/cash/final sum
  • vast/huge/considerable sums
  • a sum of $8/£2,000/€1.2m, etc.
  • pay (out)/spend/invest a sum
  • earn/receive/owe a sum
  • borrow/lend a sum

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Share price slid by 1p to 142p fuelled by concerns that the company might offer too generous a sum for the proposed venture in India. 
  • The sale of Germany's biggest commercial TV operator for an undisclosed sum follows a bidding contest. 
  • Banks may not be prepared to open an account if the sum involved is too small. 
  • a round sum (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: một số tiền đáng kể)
  •  Restrictions have been imposed by the government on the movement of large sums of money out of the country. 
  • A substantial sum has been set aside for litigation relating to the construction project. 
  •  The final sum an investor receives from a pension is dependent on the rate of investment growth. 
  • Legislation approved yesterday will raise a much-needed sum of £300,000 for use on the roads. 
  • Deposits are non-recoverable cash sums paid just to reserve a property, with a further sum payable when contracts are exchanged. 
  • Victims of an explosion at a chemical works are set to receive large sums in compensation. 
  •  First-time buyers are having to borrow huge sums to buy a home.

3. Mang nghĩa "toàn bộ; nội dung tổng quát"

=the whole of something after all the different features or parts of it are considered


  • the sum of sth

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • We believe that the sum of our business principles maximizes our chances of success.
  • the sum and substance of his objections is this (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: nội dung tổng quát và thực chất những lời phản đối của anh ta là điều này)

4. Mang nghĩa "phép toán số học"

=a calculation that involves adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing numbers

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • You need to do your sums before deciding whether you would benefit more from a fixed-rate or a tracker mortgage. 
  • Amid the pressure to get their sums right, many funds have closed to new business.
  • to do sums (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: làm toán)
  • to be good at sums (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: giỏi toán)

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