· Verb

Bên cạnh tham khảo Sửa bài IELTS SPEAKING PART 1-2-3 topic Work/Study(Sửa & Làm lại 4 lần - HS đạt 7.5), thí sinh cũng nên chú ý các lỗi ngữ pháp kinh điển, thường mắc phải trong các bài IELTS WRITING nhé!

I. "make"là ngoại động từ

II. Cách dùng

1. Mang nghĩa"làm, chế tạo"

=to create or produce something by working/used with some nouns for showing that someone performs the action referred to by the noun


  • made in
  • make something from something
  • make something out of something
  • made (out) of something
  • make someone something
  • make something about someone/something
  • make an attempt/effort
  • make a decision
  • make a mistake/error
  • make progress
  • make a change/alteration/adjustment etc
  • make a contribution
  • make a noise/sound
  • make a note of something (=keep a written record of something)
  • make a statement/suggestion/complaint etc

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • She made her own bread.
  • They now make cars at two plants in Europe.
  • Having curtains made professionally can be costly. 
  • They make compost out of all kinds of waste.
  • to make bread (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: làm bánh)
  • Mr Perry made a note in his book. 
  • Make a list of your questions beforehand We are making a film about wildlife. 
  •  ...the film 'Queen Christina', made in 1934. 
  • You wash while I make some lunch. 
  • to make the bed (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: dọn giường)
  • to make tea (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: pha trà)
  • Would you like me to make us all a coffee?
  • She makes all her own clothes. 
  • This furniture is made in South America. 
  • They make paper from old rags. 
  • We made curtains out of some old material we found. 
  • a bowl made of metal/plastic/wood 
  • Joan made me a beautiful dress for my wedding. 
  • They’re making a TV programme about the case.
  • Over 340 arrests were made. 
  • Helen made no attempt to stop him. 
  • No one wanted to make a clear decision on the project. 
  • Nobody’s perfect – we all make mistakes. 
  • We’ve made some progress, but there’s still a long way to go. 
  • People can eat more healthily without making major changes to their diet. 
  • This study makes an outstanding contribution to our understanding of the disease. 
  • Stop making so much noise! 
  • Matthew made a note of the car’s number and informed the police.
  • The minister will make a statement on that issue later today.

2. Mang nghĩa"thành công làm việc gì đó"

=to succeed in achieving something by reaching the necessary level or standard


  • make a deadline
  • make the headlines/papers/news etc (=be important enough to be reported)
  • make a team/squad (=be chosen for it)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • We’ve made our target of 10,000 sales this month. 
  • They’ll never make the deadline now that the computers have crashed. 
  • Their search for a heart donor made the headlines in April. 
  • Dawson has failed to make the team for Saturday’s big match.

3. Mang nghĩa"gây ra"

=to cause someone or something to be in a particular state or to change to another state


  • make someone do something
  • make yourself heard/understood etc
  • make something difficult/easy etc
  • make someone feel ill/sad/strange etc
  • make someone look fat/thin/younger etc
  • make someone happy/sad/angry etc
  • make something nice/pretty/attractive etc
  • make someone famous/popular etc
  • make it clear/obvious/plain etc (that)
  • make it known/understood (that)
  • make someone something

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Grit from the highway made him cough. 
  • The white tips of his shirt collar made him look like a choirboy. 
  • I was made to feel guilty and irresponsible
  • This film always makes me cry. 
  • I know enough Japanese to make myself understood.
  • The noise in the school makes learning difficult. 
  • The smell of fish makes me feel ill. 
  • That haircut makes you look ten years younger. 
  • Listening to the news just makes me angry these days. 
  • I want to make the place nice for when they arrive. 
  • It was television that made her so popular. 
  • I’d like to make it clear that I had nothing to do with this. 
  • She made it known that she was the mayor’s wife. 
  • They made him head teacher after Joanne left.

4. Mang nghĩa"bắt ai làm gì"

=If you make someone do something, you force them to do it/to force someone to do something


  • be made to do sth = are forced to do sth = Bị ai bắt ép làm gì
  • make someone do something
  • be made to do something

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Mama made him clean up the plate. 
  • You can't make me do anything. 
  • They were made to pay $8.8 million in taxes.
  • You can't make him go if he doesn't want to. 
  • The vet put something down the dog's throat to make it vomit.
  • He tried in vain to make them listen. 
  • My parents made me pay back all the money and it was a lesson I never forgot. 
  • I seized his arm and made him turn to look at me. 
  • If children are not ready to go to sleep, you can't make them.(IELTS TUTOR giải thích: chỗ này nếu ghi đầy đủ ra là make them to go to sleep, nhưng người viết không muốn lặp lại cụm đó nên có thể ghi là make them là người ta đã hiểu)
  • The teacher made me stay in after school and do extra work.
  • The prisoners are made to dig holes and fill them up again.
  • I’m not going to apologize and you can’t make me!
  • They made us work for 12 hours a day. 
  • They made him tell the truth by depriving him of food. 
  • We were made to learn fifty new words every week.

5. Mang nghĩa"khiến ai trở thành như nào"

=You use make to talk about causing someone or something to be a particular thing or to have a particular quality/For example, to make someone a star means to cause them to become a star, and to make someone angry means to cause them to become angry.


  • Make sb / sth adj

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  •  ...James Bond, the role that made him a star. 
  • He returned to Chicago, and made it his base for the rest of his life. 
  • She made life very difficult for me. 
  • She's made it obvious that she's appalled by me. 
  • Rationing has made it easier to find some products like eggs, butter and meat. 
  • Does your film make a hero of Jim Garrison?
  • It can be argued that having such a good team to captain would make anyone appear a good leader. 
  • Since he came to live with me, we have been subject to a campaign of spite and revenge which makes Lady Sarah appear angelic by comparison
  • If you open some windows, you’ll make it cooler. 
  • He said something that made her angry.

6. Mang nghĩa"làm cho ai nghe thấy những gì mình nói/hiểu mình"

=If you make yourself understood, heard, or known, you succeed in getting people to understand you, hear you, or know that you are there.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Aron couldn't speak Polish. 
  • I made myself understood with difficulty. 
  • He almost had to shout to make himself heard above the music.

7. Mang nghĩa"tiến cử ai làm gì, đảm nhận chức vụ gì"

=If you make someone something, you appoint them to a particular job, role, or position.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Mr Blair made him transport minister.
  • They wanted to make him president (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: họ muốn tôn ông ta lên làm chủ tịch)

8. Mang nghĩa"biến cái gì trở thành cái gì

đến; tới"

=If you make something into something else, you change it in some way so that it becomes that other thing.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • We made it into a beautiful home. 
  • Her bestseller is soon to be made into a television mini-series

9. Mang nghĩa"làm bạn, làm kẻ thù của ai"

=When someone makes a friend or an enemy, someone becomes their friend or their enemy, often because of a particular thing they have done.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Lorenzo was a natural leader who made friends easily. 
  • He was unruly in class and made an enemy of most of his teachers.

10. Mang nghĩa"tới, lên tới, tạo thành"

=To make a total or score a particular amount means to increase it to that amount.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • This makes the total cost of the bulb and energy £27.
  • David scored from 20 yards and then Pete made it 4-0
  • Four twos make eight. 
  • He is adding three aircraft carriers–that makes six in all.
  • Four and two make six.
  • an amount I make that £750 after tax.

11. Mang nghĩa"tạo ra luật"

=If you make rules or laws, you decide what these should be.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The police don't make the laws, they merely enforce them. 
  • The only person who makes rules in this house is me.

12. Mang nghĩa"kiếm tiền"

=If you make money, you get it by working for it, by selling something, or by winning it.


  • make money
  • make a living (=make enough money to buy the things that you need)
  • make a profit

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • I think every business's goal is to make money. 
  • How much did we make? 
  • Can it be moral to make so much money out of a commodity which is essential to life?
  • She makes about £2,000 a month. 
  • to make money (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: kiếm tiền)
  • to make a profit (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: kiếm lãi)
  • You can make a lot of money playing the stock market. 
  • Can you make a living from painting? 
  • The company made a small profit in its first year.

13. Mang nghĩa"cái gì tạo thành công cho cái gì/ai"

=If something makes something else, it is responsible for the success of that thing/to have the right qualities for a particular job, purpose etc

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • What really makes the book are the beautiful designs
  • You've a very good idea there. It will make a good book.
  •  Instructors decided he would never make a pilot. 
  • I'm very fond of Maurice and I'd make him a good partner
  • Diane would make a good teacher – she’s so patient. 
  • Don’t you think the novel would make a great film?

14. Mang nghĩa"tạo thành (vòng tròn...)"

=If people make a particular pattern such as a line or a circle, they arrange themselves in this way.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • A group of people made a circle around the Pentagon

15. Mang nghĩa"ước lượng, đánh giá, định giá, kết luận"

=You use make it when saying what you calculate or guess an amount to be.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • All I want to know is how many T-shirts Jim Martin has got. 
  • I make it three. 
  • To make the distance at 10 miles (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: ước lượng quãng đường ấy độ 10 dặm)
  • I make the total for the year £69,599.

16. Mang nghĩa"tạo thành cái lỗ/vết xước..."

=to cause something to be formed by breaking, cutting, or tearing an object or by pushing one object into or through another


  • make a hole/scratch/dent etc in something

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Something’s made a scratch in the counter.

17. Mang nghĩa"sắp xếp"

=to arrange or organize something


  • make an appointment/date

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • I’ve made an appointment for you with the doctor for tomorrow morning.

18. Mang nghĩa"đến được nơi nào đó"

=to reach a particular place, especially so that there is time to do something/If you make a place in or by a particular time, you get there in or by that time, often with some difficulty.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • At this rate we won’t make Jedda before midnight. 
  • Dan just managed to make his 7 o’clock flight to Toronto.
  • The train leaves at 7.35, can we make it? (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: xe lửa khởi hành vào hồi 7 giờ 35, không biết chúng tôi có thể đến kịp không?)
  • We can’t make the conference after all.
  • They were trying to make New Orleans by nightfall.

19. Mang nghĩa"hợp lại thành, ở chức nào"

=If someone makes a particular team or makes a particular high position, they do so well that they are put in that team or get that position.

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The athletes are just happy to make the British team.
  • He knew he was never going to make director

III. Bài tập sửa lỗi

Sửa lỗi sai 1:

Câu sai: Firstly, governments should concentrate on the local problems because they can make the urgent issue such as global warming get more serious


  • Về bản chất thì câu này không sai, make vẫn đi với verb bare được tuy nhiên sẽ làm câu của mình trở nên rất lủng củng, vậy để sửa cho hay thì sẽ sửa lại: make global warming much more serious
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