Cách dùng từ "public" tiếng anh

· Cách dùng từ

I. Dùng "public" như adj

1. Mang nghĩa "thuộc về hoặc liên quan đến mọi người nói chung; chung; công cộng"

= involving a lot of people, or involving people in general / available for people in general to use

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • a public meeting/inquiry/hearing
  • public transport 
  • a public library 
  • the city’s attractive public spaces
  • There has been a public outcry about her imprisonment. 
  • The scheme has a lot of public support. 
  • a public nuisance/hazard

2. Mang nghĩa "do chính quyền cung cấp; công; công cộng"

=owned by the government, not by a private company

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The damage was restored using public money. 
  • public organizations

3. Mang nghĩa "công khai"

= used about things that most people know about because they are not private or secret / relating to the part of your life that people in general know about, for example your work, rather than your life at home

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • make something public (=tell everyone about it)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Can we go somewhere a little less public? 
  • a very public display of unity 
  • the decision to make the results public 
  •  She keeps her public and private lives very separate.

II. Dùng "public" như noun

Mang nghĩa "công chúng, quần chúng"

=people of a particular type

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • the public = people in general
  •  the British/American etc public
  • the travelling/sporting/book-buying etc public
  • a member of the public
  • the general public

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • the British public công chúng Anh 
  • the public is /are not allowed to enter the court room (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: công chúng không được phép vào phòng xử án)
  • to appeal to the public (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: kêu gọi quần chúng)
  • It is clear that the attack did not have the support of the American public.
  • Privatizing the railways was not in the best interests of the travelling public. 
  • The house was first opened to the public in the 1950s. 
  • The public wants tougher sentences for terrorists. 
  • The regulations should be written in plain English that the public understands. 
  • The police should be trained to deal politely with members of the public. 
  • Misconceptions about mental illness are common among the general public.

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