Cách dùng từ"ahead"tiếng anh

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Bên cạnh Phân tích và sửa chi tiết đề thi IELTS SPEAKING 4/8/2020 [Audio+Transcript], IELTS TUTOR hướng dẫn Cách dùng từ"ahead"tiếng anh

I. Kiến thức liên quan

II. Cách dùng từ"ahead"tiếng anh

1. Giới thiệu chung

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý ahead có thể dùng với các chức năng ngữ pháp sau:

  • Dùng như trạng từ (adverb)
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: I could see the end of the tunnel ahead. 
  • Dùng như cụm giới từ trong "ahead of"
    • IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ: We have some difficult problems ahead of us. 

2. Cách dùng

2.1. Mang nghĩa"xa hơn về phía trước (thời gian hoặc không gian)"

2.1.1. Về không gian

=used for saying that something is in front of you, in the direction you are going or looking/moving, pointing, or looking towards a place in front of you

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • ahead of
  • up ahead (=not far in front)
  • straight ahead

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • There’s a motel just a few miles ahead. His attention was firmly fixed on the road ahead.
  • The car ahead of us stopped suddenly. 
  • We’re nearly there! That’s the place up ahead.
  • Francesca was staring ahead into the darkness.�
  • Instead of turning left, he drove straight ahead towards the river.

2.1.2. Về thời gian

=used when saying what will happen in the future

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • ahead of
  • of her days/weeks/years etc ahead
  • the way ahead (=the way that things will happen or be done in the future)
  • ahead of time
  • ahead of

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • We have a busy day ahead of us. 
  • a young woman with a brilliant career ahead 
  • Where will the money come from in the years ahead? 
  • New technology points the way ahead for our steel industry.
  • The event had been planned six months ahead.  
  • London is about five hours ahead of New York (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Giờ London sớm hơn New York khoảng năm giờ)
  • Ahead of us lay ten days of intensive training (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Trước mắt chúng ta có mười ngày luyện tập khẩn trương)
  • If you had warned me ahead of time, I wouldn’t have gone. 
  • There will be an inspection of the track ahead of tomorrow’s race.

2.2. Mang nghĩa"dẫn đầu ai/cái gì; tiến xa hơn"

=used for saying that someone has made more progress than someone else, or more progress than expected

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • ahead of someone’s/something’s time (=too modern to be accepted or understood)
  • ahead of
  • well ahead (=winning easily)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Some of these children are two years ahead in reading skills. 
  • The Russians were now ahead of them in space research.
  • The technology was far ahead of anything available in the West. 
  • As a writer, Sterne was ahead of his time.
  • She was always well ahead of the rest of the class (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Cô ta bao giờ bao giờ cũng vượt xa các bạn cùng lớp về học lực)
  • His ideas were ahead of his time (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: Tư tưởng của ông ấy vượt quá thời đại của ông ấy)
  • Labour are ahead in the opinion polls. 
  • The Eagles are already ten points ahead of their nearest rivals. 
  • At the end of Round 8, Tyson was well ahead on points.

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