Cách dùng động từ "hold" tiếng anh

· Cách dùng từ

Bên cạnh HƯỚNG DẪN TỪNG BƯỚC CÁCH LÀM BÀI TẬP MẪU IELTS READING DẠNG FILL IN THE GAP, IELTS TUTOR cung cấp Cách dùng động từ "hold" tiếng anh

I. "hold" vừa là nội động từ, vừa là ngoại động từ

II. Cách dùng

1. Mang nghĩa "cầm, nắm, giữ, nắm giữ, giữ lại"

1.1. Nghĩa đen

=to carry something using another part of your body / to support someone or something, or to stop them moving / to put a part of your body into a particular position / to carry another person

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • hold something steady
  • hold something shut/still/apart etc
  • Với nghĩa này, hold là ngoại động từ 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • He held the sandwich between his teeth.
  • She was holding a baby in her arms.
  • Can you hold this parcel for me so I can tape it up? 
  • He was held by a single rope.
  • We had to hold our cups steady as the boat rocked.
  • Hold the torch still.
  • She was holding her hand to her heart. 
  • Ruth held her head in her hands.

1.2. Nghĩa bóng

=if a promise or offer holds, it still exists / to stay or keep something at a particular level

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • hold steady
  • Với nghĩa này, hold vừa là ngoại động từ vừa là nội động từ 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • They were pessimistic about the ceasefire holding until the spring. 
  • We need to find out if his offer still holds.
  • The price has been held at £2, the same as last year. 
  •  The coffee market has held steady for a few months.

2. Mang nghĩa "ôm, ghì chặt ai"

=to put your arms around someone because you love them or because they are unhappy

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • hold someone tight/close
  • Với nghĩa này, hold là ngoại động từ 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • He sat beside her and held her. 
  •  She kissed him and held him tight.

3. Mang nghĩa "chứa đựng"

=to have something inside / to be able to fit an amount of something inside

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, hold là ngoại động từ 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The corner cupboard holds a TV and CD player.
  • How much does this jug hold? 
  • The stadium holds 80,000 people.

4. Mang nghĩa "tổ chức"

=if you hold a meeting or event, you organize it / if a meeting or event is held in a particular place or at a particular time, it takes place there at that time

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, hold là ngoại động từ 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The government agreed to hold a referendum.
  • The presidential election was held on April 26.

5. Mang nghĩa "có, sở hữu, nắm giữ"

=to have something, for example a job / to have an opinion about something / to own money or property / to have a document that allows you to do something

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • hold office
  • Với nghĩa này, hold là ngoại động từ

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • She is the first woman to hold this post.
  • He held a position of trust and responsibility.
  • President Mitterrand held office for 14 years.
  • She certainly holds some interesting views.
  • Three per cent of our shares are now held by US investors. 
  • He holds a US passport.

6. Mang nghĩa "có tính chất"

=to have a particular quality / used for talking about the feelings that something makes you have

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, hold là ngoại động từ 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The project holds a great deal of promise. 
  • He holds no authority over us.
  • For example, if something holds no fear for you, you are not afraid of it 
  • Food still held no appeal. 
  • Water seems to hold a fascination for him.

7. Mang nghĩa "giữ chỗ"

=to not give something that someone wants to another person

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • hold a table/reservation/room/seat
  • Với nghĩa này, hold là ngoại động từ

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • They said they’d hold the reservation for 24 hours.

8. Mang nghĩa "cảm nhận, có cảm giác"

=to continue to have a particular feeling, especially a bad one I no longer hold any resentment towards him.

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • hold a grudge
  • Với nghĩa này, hold là ngoại động từ

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • He’s not someone who holds a grudge.

9. Mang nghĩa "có ý kiến, quan điểm cho rằng, xác nhận"

=used for saying what people believe / if a court or judge holds that something is true, the court or judge says that it is true

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • hold that
  • be held to be something
  • be held to have done something
  • Với nghĩa này, hold là ngoại động từ

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • Conventional wisdom held that he would resign.
  • One school of thought holds that very few people reach their full potential.
  • The court held that the defendants were guilty of trespass.
  • The clause was held to be unreasonable.
  • The plaintiff was held to have acted reasonably.

10. Mang nghĩa "đợi, chờ (khi nói chuyện điện thoại)"

=to wait in order to speak to someone on the telephone.

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, hold vừa là ngoại động từ vừa là nội động từ 

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • You can also say that you hold the line 
  • ‘Do you want to call back later?’ ‘No, I’ll hold.’ 
  • Can you hold the line, please?

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