Cách dùng danh từ "life" tiếng anh

· Cách dùng từ

I. "life" vừa là danh từ đếm được, vừa không đếm được

II. Cách dùng

1. Mang nghĩa "đời người"

=the period of time from someone’s birth until their death

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, life vừa là danh từ đếm được, vừa là danh từ không đếm được 
  • spend your life
  • in (all) your life
  • all your life
  • early life (=the time when you are a child)
  • adult life (=the time when you are an adult)
  • in later life (=towards the end of someone’s life)
  • late in life (=at a time in your life that is later than usual)
  • for life (=continuing through your whole life)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • She devoted her life to helping others. 
  • He had a long and happy life. 
  • Don’t spend your whole life worrying about money. 
  • I have never been so disappointed in my life. 
  • She’s lived in California all her life. 
  • He spent his early life in Malaysia.
  • He lived most of his adult life in prison. 
  • to lay down one's life for the country (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: hy sinh tính mệnh cho tổ quốc)
  • a matter of life and death (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: một vấn đề sống còn)
  • It was in later life that he wrote some of his best poems. 
  • She got married late in life.
  • The accident left her scarred for life.

2. Mang nghĩa "cuộc sống"

=your particular way of living and the experiences that you have / the events and experiences that are typical of a particular place or group of people

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, life thường ở số ít
  • lead a happy/normal/interesting etc life
  • a hard life (=a difficult life)
  • city/village/prison/university etc life
  • the life of someone
  • married life (=the time when you are married or the life that you have)
  • see life (=experience a lot of different things)

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • His life revolves around his children. 
  • It was an event that would change his life forever. 
  • I just want to be able to lead a normal life. 
  • She looks like someone who’s had a very hard life.
  • I had no idea what life with a baby would be like. 
  • to have lived in a place all one's life (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: đã sống ở đâu suốt cả đời)
  • Escape from the bustle and noise of city life for a while. 
  • The life of a film star is not always a glamorous one. 
  • How’s married life suiting you?
  • He’s a person who really loves life. 
  • we are building a new life (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: chúng ta đang xây dựng một cuộc sống mới)
  • the struggle for life (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: cuộc đấu tranh sinh tồn)
  • His mother has a great enthusiasm for life. 
  • You really see life in my job.

3. Mang nghĩa "sinh khí, sinh lực, sự hoạt động, sức sống"

=the quality of having a lot of energy, interest, or excitement

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, life thường không đếm được

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • She's so full of life (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: to be full of life dồi dào sinh lực, hoạt bát)
  • Los Angeles was a great place to live, really full of life. 
  • The bright colours bring more life to the painting.
  • the problem of life (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: vấn đề nhân sinh)

4. Mang nghĩa "vật sống; biểu hiện của sự sống"

= living things / the quality that makes people, animals, and plants different from objects, substances, and things that are dead / the amount of activity or excitement in a place

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, life thường không đếm được
  • claim lives (=kill people)
  • risk your life
  • put your/someone’s life at risk
  • animal/plant/insect/bird life

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The doctor could find no sign of life in the old man's body. 
  • I looked through the window but I couldn't see any signs of life (= people moving).
  • human/marine/plant life
  • He believed his life was in danger. 
  • The disease is still claiming thousands of lives every year. 
  • They risk their lives to protect the people they love. 
  • They are putting lives at risk with their irresponsible behaviour.
  • We are now beginning to believe that there may be life on other planets. 
  • the great variety of bird life in the area
  • no life to be seen (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: không một biểu hiện của sự sống; không có một bóng người (vật))
  • There’s not much life in this village.
  • The early stories are full of life.

5. Mang nghĩa "tuổi thọ"

=the period for which a machine or organization lasts / the period of time during which something exists or continues life of

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, life thường ở số ít
  • life of

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • The newer batteries have a much longer life. 
  • Careful use will prolong the life of your machine.
  • the life of a machine (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: tuổi thọ của một cái máy)
  • The legislation won't be passed during the life of the present parliament.
  • During the life of this government, unemployment has increased by 5%.
  • The average life of a television is about ten years.

6. Mang nghĩa "tiểu sử"

=the life story of a person written by someone else

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, life danh từ đếm được

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • What moved him to write a life of John O'Hara?
  • the life of Lenin (IELTS TUTOR giải thích: tiểu sử Lê-nin)

7. Mang nghĩa "án tử hình"

=life imprisonment

IELTS TUTOR lưu ý:

  • Với nghĩa này, life là danh từ không đếm được
  • get life

IELTS TUTOR xét ví dụ:

  • You’d expect him to get life for such a serious crime.

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